Arizona Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Arizona? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Arizona, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Arizona

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Arizona based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 85253 Maricopa County $296,706.00
2 85262 Maricopa County $232,862.00
3 85255 Maricopa County $194,998.00
4 85266 Maricopa County $192,209.00
5 85259 Maricopa County $172,227.00
6 85045 Maricopa County $165,188.00
7 85377 Maricopa County $163,277.00
8 85284 Maricopa County $161,009.00
9 85083 Maricopa County $158,811.00
10 85249 Maricopa County $158,555.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Arizona.

Richest Cities in Arizona

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Arizona. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Arizona by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Paradise Valley Maricopa County $359,522.00
2 Carefree Maricopa County $162,769.00
3 Scottsdale Maricopa County $146,052.00
4 Queen Creek Maricopa County, Pinal County $136,200.00
5 Fountain Hills Maricopa County $128,942.00
6 Gilbert Maricopa County $126,448.00
7 Cave Creek Maricopa County $121,391.00
8 Oro Valley Pima County $120,121.00
9 Litchfield Park Maricopa County $118,933.00
10 Chandler Maricopa County $116,068.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Arizona.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Arizona is $61,529.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Arizona.

  • Under 25
  • 25 to 44
  • 45 to 64
  • 65 and over

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Arizona?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Arizona is $84,380.00.

7.42% of households in Arizona are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Arizona but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Arizona

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Arizona easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
  • $25,000 to $49,999
  • $50,000 to $74,999
  • $75,000 to $99,999
  • $100,000 to $149,999
  • $150,000 to $199,999
  • $200,000 or more

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Arizona. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Arizona by the total number of people in Arizona.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Arizona and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Arizona is $32,340.00.

Population in Arizona by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Arizona is currently 7,174,064 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Arizona can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Arizona.

  • 53.40% White
  • 4.20% Black/African American
  • 3.60% Native
  • 31.90% Hispanic
  • 3.20% Asian
  • 0.20% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
  • 3.20% Two or more races
  • 0.30% Other

Population of Arizona by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Arizona is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 435,518 417,309
10 to 19 Years 488,108 468,405
20 to 29 Years 504,709 469,770
30 to 39 Years 474,030 448,179
40 to 49 Years 431,236 421,691
50 to 59 Years 419,380 430,297
60 to 69 Years 387,387 432,528
70 Years and over 393,527 457,129

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Arizona.

  • Master's degree or higher
  • Bachelor's degree
  • Some college or associate's degree
  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • Less than high school diploma

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Arizona because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Arizona look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Arizona that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Arizona that are over the age of 16 is 5,650,624 people.

The unemployment rate in Arizona is 39.40%, which means 2,226,431 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Arizona

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Arizona. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Arizona is 38.1 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Arizona







Households and Families

There are a total of 2,683,557 households in Arizona, and the average household size is 2.58 people.

For families, the total number is 1,747,769, and the average family size is 3.16 people.

9.50% of those families in Arizona are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Arizona in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Arizona for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,270,166 152,051 325,552 935,788
Average Household Size 3.2 3.34 3.52 1.3
Total Families 1,270,166 152,051 325,552 0
Average Household Size 3.17 2.91 3.25 0

Housing Data in Arizona

There are total of 3,056,890 housing units in Arizona. Of those units, 2,683,557 (87.79%) are occupied, and 373,333 (12.21%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 3,056,890 housing units in Arizona, 873,415 (28.57%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,172.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 57.76% of housing units, with 1,765,658 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Arizona.

  • No rent paid
  • Less than $500
  • $500 to $999
  • $1,000 to $1,499
  • $1,500 to $1,999
  • $2,000 to $2,499
  • $2,500 to $2,999
  • $3,000 or more

Property Values

The median value of a property in Arizona is $265,600.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Arizona.

  • Less than $50,000
  • $50,000 to $99,999
  • $100,000 to $149,999
  • $150,000 to $199,999
  • $200,000 to $299,999
  • $300,000 to $499,999
  • $500,000 to $999,999
  • $1,000,000 or more

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Arizona.

  • 1939 or earlier
  • 1940 to 1949
  • 1950 to 1959
  • 1960 to 1969
  • 1970 to 1979
  • 1980 to 1989
  • 1990 to 1999
  • 2000 to 2009
  • 2010 to 2013
  • 2014 or later

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Arizona has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
  • 1 vehicle available
  • 2 vehicles available
  • 3 or more vehicles available

Commuting to Work in Arizona

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Arizona, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 25.7 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Arizona.

  • Less than 5 minutes
  • 5 to 9 minutes
  • 10 to 14 minutes
  • 15 to 19 minutes
  • 20 to 24 minutes
  • 25 to 29 minutes
  • 30 to 34 minutes
  • 35 to 39 minutes
  • 40 to 44 minutes
  • 45 to 59 minutes
  • 60 to 89 minutes
  • 90 or more minutes

We can also look at the means of transport in Arizona to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
  • Carpooled
  • Public transportation
  • Walked
  • Other means
  • Worked from home


Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Arizona.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Arizona.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Arizona Population and Demographics". Accessed on February 8, 2023.

  • "Arizona Population and Demographics"., Accessed 8 February, 2023

  • Arizona Population and Demographics. Retrieved from