Phoenix Average Income, Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Phoenix, Arizona? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Phoenix, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2021, the median household income in Phoenix is $64,927.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Phoenix.

  • Under 25
    $43,142.00
  • 25 to 44
    $67,420.00
  • 45 to 64
    $75,102.00
  • 65 and over
    $49,636.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Phoenix, Arizona?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Phoenix is $90,481.00.

7.96% of households in Phoenix, Arizona are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Phoenix but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Phoenix

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Phoenix, Arizona easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    15.95%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    22.39%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    18.15%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    13.53%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    15.25%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    6.76%
  • $200,000 or more
    7.96%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Phoenix, Arizona. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Phoenix by the total number of people in Phoenix.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Phoenix and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Phoenix, Arizona is $33,718.00.

Population in Phoenix by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Phoenix is currently 1,591,119 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Phoenix can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Phoenix, Arizona.

  • 41.40% White
    658,849
  • 6.90% Black/African American
    109,498
  • 1.50% Native
    24,662
  • 42.70% Hispanic
    679,930
  • 3.80% Asian
    59,948
  • 0.20% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    2,775
  • 3.20% Two or more races
    50,494
  • 0.30% Other
    4,963

Population of Phoenix by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Phoenix, Arizona is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 111,043 105,250
10 to 19 Years 117,280 112,967
20 to 29 Years 121,780 120,383
30 to 39 Years 123,548 116,005
40 to 49 Years 107,731 104,843
50 to 59 Years 97,923 94,648
60 to 69 Years 69,434 73,965
70 Years and over 51,342 62,977

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Phoenix, Arizona.

  • Master's degree or higher
    14.74%
  • Bachelor's degree
    34.34%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    11.91%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    34.05%
  • Less than high school diploma
    4.97%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Phoenix because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Phoenix look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Phoenix, Arizona that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Phoenix that are over the age of 16 is 1,233,774 people.

The unemployment rate in Phoenix is 5.40%, which means 392,469 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Phoenix

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Phoenix, Arizona. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Phoenix is 34.1 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Phoenix

34.1

Total

33.8

Male

34.5

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 579,876 households in Phoenix, and the average household size is 2.71 people.

For families, the total number is 368,588, and the average family size is 3.36 people.

11.50% of those families in Phoenix, Arizona are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Phoenix in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2021.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Phoenix, Arizona for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 240,192 42,219 86,177 211,288
Average Household Size 3.47 3.45 3.63 1.33
Total Families 240,192 42,219 86,177 0
Average Household Size 3.43 2.99 3.36 0

Housing Data in Phoenix

There are total of 624,409 housing units in Phoenix, Arizona. Of those units, 579,876 (92.87%) are occupied, and 44,533 (7.13%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 624,409 housing units in Phoenix, 247,619 (39.66%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,175.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 52.06% of housing units, with 325,058 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Phoenix, Arizona.

  • No rent paid
    7,199
  • Less than $500
    9,501
  • $500 to $999
    70,473
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    107,126
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    45,876
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    10,459
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    2,300
  • $3,000 or more
    1,884

Property Values

The median value of a property in Phoenix is $277,700.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Phoenix.

  • Less than $50,000
    13,569
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    10,245
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    20,634
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    43,790
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    92,763
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    91,436
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    44,967
  • $1,000,000 or more
    7,654

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Phoenix, Arizona.

  • 1939 or earlier
    11,782
  • 1940 to 1949
    14,940
  • 1950 to 1959
    60,057
  • 1960 to 1969
    68,833
  • 1970 to 1979
    120,931
  • 1980 to 1989
    109,052
  • 1990 to 1999
    96,082
  • 2000 to 2009
    101,651
  • 2010 to 2013
    40,097
  • 2014 or later
    984

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Phoenix has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    39,963
  • 1 vehicle available
    204,964
  • 2 vehicles available
    214,905
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    120,044

Commuting to Work in Phoenix

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Phoenix, Arizona, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 26 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Phoenix.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    12,577
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    47,185
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    78,657
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    105,492
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    126,631
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    57,559
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    114,550
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    24,912
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    30,111
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    51,482
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    31,303
  • 90 or more minutes
    12,500

We can also look at the means of transport in Phoenix to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    554,256
  • Carpooled
    90,110
  • Public transportation
    18,829
  • Walked
    12,005
  • Other means
    17,759
  • Worked from home
    90,007

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Phoenix, Arizona.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Phoenix.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Phoenix Average Income, Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on March 30, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/arizona/maricopa-county/phoenix/.

  • "Phoenix Average Income, Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/arizona/maricopa-county/phoenix/. Accessed 30 March, 2023

  • Phoenix Average Income, Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/arizona/maricopa-county/phoenix/.