Colorado Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Colorado? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Colorado, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Colorado

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Colorado based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 80547 Larimer County $227,222.00
2 80108 Douglas County $204,592.00
3 81611 Pitkin County $194,246.00
4 80111 Arapahoe County, Denver County $189,758.00
5 80121 Arapahoe County $186,665.00
6 80238 Denver County $183,142.00
7 80116 Douglas County $179,375.00
8 80118 Douglas County $178,097.00
9 80023 Adams County, Broomfield County $175,437.00
10 80007 Jefferson County $174,083.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Colorado.

Richest Cities in Colorado

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Colorado. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Colorado by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Cherry Hills Village Arapahoe County $464,068.00
2 Columbine Valley Arapahoe County $331,353.00
3 Bow Mar Arapahoe County, Jefferson County $324,109.00
4 Greenwood Village Arapahoe County $236,356.00
5 Timnath Larimer County $227,222.00
6 Aspen Pitkin County $187,837.00
7 Blue River Summit County $185,823.00
8 Foxfield Arapahoe County $183,169.00
9 Lone Tree Douglas County $173,668.00
10 Superior Boulder County, Jefferson County $159,428.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Colorado.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Colorado is $75,231.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Colorado.

  • Under 25
    $43,365.00
  • 25 to 44
    $87,239.00
  • 45 to 64
    $96,439.00
  • 65 and over
    $58,270.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Colorado?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Colorado is $100,933.00.

11.13% of households in Colorado are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Colorado but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Colorado

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Colorado easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    13.14%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    16.94%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    16.82%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    13.42%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    18.80%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    9.76%
  • $200,000 or more
    11.13%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Colorado. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Colorado by the total number of people in Colorado.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Colorado and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Colorado is $39,545.00.

Population in Colorado by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Colorado is currently 5,684,926 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Colorado can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Colorado.

  • 66.80% White
    3,821,828
  • 3.90% Black/African American
    222,572
  • 0.50% Native
    26,070
  • 21.90% Hispanic
    1,254,636
  • 3.10% Asian
    180,192
  • 0.10% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    7,357
  • 3.40% Two or more races
    192,511
  • 0.30% Other
    18,010

Population of Colorado by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Colorado is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 342,794 329,105
10 to 19 Years 382,975 357,275
20 to 29 Years 424,519 391,912
30 to 39 Years 451,493 417,232
40 to 49 Years 387,670 360,444
50 to 59 Years 358,410 355,291
60 to 69 Years 310,524 327,965
70 Years and over 237,551 288,016

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Colorado.

  • Master's degree or higher
    18.81%
  • Bachelor's degree
    42.51%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    9.84%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    26.59%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.25%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Colorado because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Colorado look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Colorado that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Colorado that are over the age of 16 is 4,606,399 people.

The unemployment rate in Colorado is 31.50%, which means 1,448,739 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Colorado

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Colorado. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Colorado is 37.1 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Colorado

37.1

Total

36.4

Male

37.9

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 2,227,932 households in Colorado, and the average household size is 2.52 people.

For families, the total number is 1,408,477, and the average family size is 3.1 people.

6.10% of those families in Colorado are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Colorado in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Colorado for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,104,368 101,139 202,970 819,455
Average Household Size 3.16 3.22 3.37 1.36
Total Families 1,104,368 101,139 202,970 0
Average Household Size 3.12 2.83 3.11 0

Housing Data in Colorado

There are total of 2,454,873 housing units in Colorado. Of those units, 2,227,932 (90.76%) are occupied, and 226,941 (9.24%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 2,454,873 housing units in Colorado, 729,309 (29.71%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,437.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 60.02% of housing units, with 1,473,449 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Colorado.

  • No rent paid
    25,174
  • Less than $500
    39,458
  • $500 to $999
    120,559
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    235,056
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    201,924
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    83,847
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    29,825
  • $3,000 or more
    18,640

Property Values

The median value of a property in Colorado is $397,500.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Colorado.

  • Less than $50,000
    48,658
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    36,662
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    45,024
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    72,333
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    227,821
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    577,888
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    394,644
  • $1,000,000 or more
    70,419

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Colorado.

  • 1939 or earlier
    181,996
  • 1940 to 1949
    60,811
  • 1950 to 1959
    178,841
  • 1960 to 1969
    198,834
  • 1970 to 1979
    424,630
  • 1980 to 1989
    344,000
  • 1990 to 1999
    399,453
  • 2000 to 2009
    414,423
  • 2010 to 2013
    244,319
  • 2014 or later
    7,566

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Colorado has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    110,958
  • 1 vehicle available
    658,025
  • 2 vehicles available
    877,456
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    581,493

Commuting to Work in Colorado

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Colorado, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 25.8 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Colorado.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    69,981
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    244,729
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    339,539
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    395,223
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    383,612
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    173,583
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    369,160
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    85,629
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    97,547
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    201,678
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    129,511
  • 90 or more minutes
    54,968

We can also look at the means of transport in Colorado to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    2,090,005
  • Carpooled
    241,855
  • Public transportation
    73,763
  • Walked
    77,629
  • Other means
    61,908
  • Worked from home
    414,155

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Colorado.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Colorado.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Colorado Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 8, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/colorado/.

  • "Colorado Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/colorado/. Accessed 8 February, 2023

  • Colorado Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/colorado/.