Kentucky Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Kentucky? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Kentucky, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Kentucky

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Kentucky based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 40059 Jefferson County, Oldham County $234,284.00
2 40510 Fayette County $164,972.00
3 40026 Oldham County $162,235.00
4 40513 Fayette County $160,270.00
5 40023 Jefferson County, Shelby County, Spencer County $152,504.00
6 40245 Jefferson County, Shelby County $147,097.00
7 40010 Oldham County $145,823.00
8 41091 Boone County $145,650.00
9 40014 Oldham County $136,659.00
10 41048 Boone County $133,540.00
11 40207 Jefferson County $130,325.00
12 40013 Bullitt County, Nelson County, Spencer County $126,673.00
13 40347 Franklin County, Scott County, Woodford County $124,913.00
14 40223 Jefferson County $123,445.00
15 42103 Warren County $123,280.00
16 40056 Oldham County $121,694.00
17 41017 Kenton County $121,239.00
18 42122 Allen County, Warren County $119,841.00
19 40022 Shelby County $119,213.00
20 40502 Fayette County $118,655.00
21 41075 Campbell County $118,215.00
22 40241 Jefferson County, Oldham County $117,306.00
23 40205 Jefferson County $116,309.00
24 41007 Campbell County, Pendleton County $116,124.00
25 40067 Shelby County $116,040.00
26 40068 Henry County, Oldham County, Shelby County $114,442.00
27 40509 Fayette County $112,874.00
28 40222 Jefferson County $110,645.00
29 40515 Clark County, Fayette County, Jessamine County $108,723.00
30 40514 Fayette County $108,116.00
31 41001 Campbell County $107,318.00
32 41080 Boone County $106,728.00
33 41055 Fleming County, Mason County $106,258.00
34 40152 Breckinridge County $106,065.00
35 41033 Kenton County, Pendleton County $105,239.00
36 40071 Bullitt County, Shelby County, Spencer County $104,541.00
37 40516 Bourbon County, Fayette County $103,121.00
38 41256 Johnson County $102,919.00
39 41043 Bracken County, Pendleton County $100,447.00
40 40031 Henry County, Oldham County $99,895.00
41 40299 Bullitt County, Jefferson County $99,742.00
42 41094 Boone County, Kenton County $98,867.00
43 40162 Hardin County $98,763.00
44 42027 Graves County, McCracken County $98,542.00
45 42079 Graves County $97,514.00
46 40291 Jefferson County $97,174.00
47 42366 Daviess County, Hancock County, Ohio County $97,133.00
48 40243 Jefferson County $96,948.00
49 41005 Boone County $96,943.00
50 41174 Greenup County, Lewis County $96,704.00
51 42236 Christian County, Trigg County $96,396.00
52 42035 Carlisle County, Graves County $96,284.00
53 40356 Jessamine County $95,740.00
54 42157 Monroe County $95,646.00
55 40242 Jefferson County $94,928.00
56 41044 Bracken County, Mason County, Robertson County $94,450.00
57 42081 Livingston County $94,417.00
58 41051 Kenton County $94,151.00
59 40157 Breckinridge County, Meade County $92,307.00
60 40204 Jefferson County $91,673.00
61 42724 Hardin County $91,646.00
62 42086 McCracken County $91,384.00
63 40206 Jefferson County $90,627.00
64 40324 Bourbon County, Scott County $89,765.00
65 42406 Henderson County, Webster County $89,272.00
66 40217 Jefferson County $89,064.00
67 40503 Fayette County $88,763.00
68 40047 Bullitt County, Spencer County $88,551.00
69 40175 Breckinridge County, Hardin County, Meade County $88,458.00
70 40511 Bourbon County, Fayette County, Scott County $88,185.00
71 41059 Campbell County $87,866.00
72 42701 Hardin County $87,290.00
73 42350 McLean County $87,243.00
74 42001 McCracken County $87,232.00
75 42452 Henderson County, Webster County $87,065.00
76 40065 Shelby County, Spencer County $86,941.00
77 40737 Laurel County $86,929.00
78 40383 Jessamine County, Woodford County $86,658.00
79 42462 Henderson County, Union County $86,512.00
80 40228 Jefferson County $86,385.00
81 41076 Campbell County $86,254.00
82 41073 Campbell County $86,080.00
83 40076 Anderson County, Franklin County, Shelby County $85,598.00
84 41030 Boone County, Grant County, Kenton County, Pendleton County $85,390.00
85 42204 Logan County, Todd County $84,966.00
86 40108 Meade County $84,758.00
87 41042 Boone County, Kenton County $84,638.00
88 40121 Hardin County, Meade County $84,579.00
89 41092 Boone County, Gallatin County $84,569.00
90 42330 Muhlenberg County $84,355.00
91 40220 Jefferson County $84,149.00
92 41129 Boyd County, Lawrence County $83,945.00
93 40019 Henry County, Shelby County $83,663.00
94 40109 Bullitt County $83,227.00
95 42376 Daviess County, McLean County, Ohio County $83,060.00
96 42104 Simpson County, Warren County $82,735.00
97 41169 Greenup County $82,729.00
98 41011 Kenton County $82,695.00
99 40507 Fayette County $82,649.00
100 40390 Jessamine County, Woodford County $82,562.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Kentucky.

Richest Cities in Kentucky

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Kentucky. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Kentucky by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Glenview Jefferson County $486,494.00
2 Anchorage Jefferson County $305,118.00
3 Rolling Fields Jefferson County $266,684.00
4 Indian Hills Jefferson County $236,627.00
5 Riverwood Jefferson County $235,155.00
6 Prospect Jefferson County, Oldham County $226,249.00
7 Bellefonte Greenup County $182,832.00
8 Green Spring Jefferson County $164,199.00
9 Seneca Gardens Jefferson County $163,699.00
10 Hurstbourne Jefferson County $157,657.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Kentucky.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Kentucky is $52,238.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Kentucky.

  • Under 25
    $32,699.00
  • 25 to 44
    $64,245.00
  • 45 to 64
    $65,022.00
  • 65 and over
    $41,677.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Kentucky?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Kentucky is $72,318.00.

4.86% of households in Kentucky are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Kentucky but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Kentucky

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Kentucky easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    22.49%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    23.05%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.82%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    12.51%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    14.06%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    5.20%
  • $200,000 or more
    4.86%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Kentucky. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Kentucky by the total number of people in Kentucky.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Kentucky and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Kentucky is $29,123.00.

Population in Kentucky by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Kentucky is currently 4,461,952 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Kentucky can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Kentucky.

  • 83.60% White
    3,759,079
  • 7.90% Black/African American
    356,610
  • 0.10% Native
    4,877
  • 3.90% Hispanic
    174,359
  • 1.50% Asian
    68,112
  • 0.10% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    3,340
  • 2.60% Two or more races
    117,508
  • 0.20% Other
    10,256

Population of Kentucky by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Kentucky is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 284,104 266,303
10 to 19 Years 301,710 289,854
20 to 29 Years 306,901 291,441
30 to 39 Years 282,838 282,290
40 to 49 Years 281,584 278,572
50 to 59 Years 296,394 302,896
60 to 69 Years 262,012 285,588
70 Years and over 208,240 273,414

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Kentucky.

  • Master's degree or higher
    13.32%
  • Bachelor's degree
    26.41%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    11.72%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    45.92%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.63%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Kentucky because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Kentucky look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Kentucky that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Kentucky that are over the age of 16 is 3,588,209 people.

The unemployment rate in Kentucky is 40.50%, which means 1,452,221 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Kentucky

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Kentucky. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Kentucky is 39 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Kentucky

39

Total

37.8

Male

40.2

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 1,748,475 households in Kentucky, and the average household size is 2.5 people.

For families, the total number is 1,134,358, and the average family size is 3.09 people.

11.90% of those families in Kentucky are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Kentucky in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Kentucky for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 834,674 87,937 211,747 614,117
Average Household Size 3.15 3.21 3.29 1.24
Total Families 834,674 87,937 211,747 0
Average Household Size 3.12 2.82 3.06 0

Housing Data in Kentucky

There are total of 1,988,420 housing units in Kentucky. Of those units, 1,748,475 (87.93%) are occupied, and 239,945 (12.07%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 1,988,420 housing units in Kentucky, 513,022 (25.80%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $826.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 59.61% of housing units, with 1,185,302 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Kentucky.

  • No rent paid
    50,151
  • Less than $500
    74,011
  • $500 to $999
    284,316
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    124,402
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    22,730
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    4,629
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    1,021
  • $3,000 or more
    1,913

Property Values

The median value of a property in Kentucky is $155,100.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Kentucky.

  • Less than $50,000
    131,838
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    211,183
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    224,793
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    206,876
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    217,062
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    139,988
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    45,177
  • $1,000,000 or more
    8,385

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Kentucky.

  • 1939 or earlier
    189,504
  • 1940 to 1949
    85,258
  • 1950 to 1959
    178,277
  • 1960 to 1969
    209,620
  • 1970 to 1979
    320,954
  • 1980 to 1989
    246,027
  • 1990 to 1999
    331,649
  • 2000 to 2009
    282,446
  • 2010 to 2013
    140,873
  • 2014 or later
    3,812

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Kentucky has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    119,880
  • 1 vehicle available
    555,837
  • 2 vehicles available
    658,240
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    414,518

Commuting to Work in Kentucky

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Kentucky, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 23.7 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Kentucky.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    65,822
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    210,767
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    285,732
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    314,446
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    284,403
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    127,542
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    220,883
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    53,002
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    56,222
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    115,680
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    70,024
  • 90 or more minutes
    40,460

We can also look at the means of transport in Kentucky to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    1,584,284
  • Carpooled
    177,901
  • Public transportation
    16,575
  • Walked
    41,391
  • Other means
    24,832
  • Worked from home
    131,878

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Kentucky.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Kentucky.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Kentucky Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 8, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/kentucky/.

  • "Kentucky Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/kentucky/. Accessed 8 February, 2023

  • Kentucky Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/kentucky/.