Maine Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Maine? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Maine, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Maine

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Maine based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 4110 Cumberland County $285,364.00
2 4105 Cumberland County $182,964.00
3 4107 Cumberland County $171,351.00
4 4021 Cumberland County $161,009.00
5 4074 Cumberland County $139,213.00
6 4096 Cumberland County $138,272.00
7 3907 York County $128,333.00
8 4097 Cumberland County $126,749.00
9 3909 York County $125,667.00
10 4066 Cumberland County $125,368.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Maine.

Richest Cities in Maine

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Maine. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Maine by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Cumberland Cumberland County $186,765.00
2 Falmouth Cumberland County $183,406.00
3 Cape Elizabeth Cumberland County $171,351.00
4 Scarborough Cumberland County $138,294.00
5 Yarmouth Cumberland County $138,272.00
6 York York County $135,874.00
7 Arrowsic Sagadahoc County $134,182.00
8 Ogunquit York County $128,333.00
9 Kennebunkport York County $128,312.00
10 Carrabassett Valley Franklin County $128,046.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Maine.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Maine is $59,489.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Maine.

  • Under 25
    $41,563.00
  • 25 to 44
    $74,827.00
  • 45 to 64
    $74,619.00
  • 65 and over
    $45,579.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Maine?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Maine is $78,301.00.

5.81% of households in Maine are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Maine but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Maine

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Maine easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    18.43%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    21.48%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.85%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    13.99%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    15.82%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    6.62%
  • $200,000 or more
    5.81%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Maine. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Maine by the total number of people in Maine.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Maine and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Maine is $33,774.00.

Population in Maine by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Maine is currently 1,340,825 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Maine can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Maine.

  • 92.00% White
    1,248,581
  • 1.40% Black/African American
    18,834
  • 0.50% Native
    6,953
  • 1.80% Hispanic
    24,526
  • 1.10% Asian
    14,789
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    188
  • 2.90% Two or more races
    39,879
  • 0.20% Other
    3,296

Population of Maine by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Maine is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 68,508 64,954
10 to 19 Years 79,355 74,554
20 to 29 Years 78,219 76,219
30 to 39 Years 81,878 82,618
40 to 49 Years 79,803 81,105
50 to 59 Years 98,137 103,226
60 to 69 Years 99,313 103,526
70 Years and over 83,095 102,536

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Maine.

  • Master's degree or higher
    14.19%
  • Bachelor's degree
    33.35%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    9.68%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    41.14%
  • Less than high school diploma
    1.64%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Maine because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Maine look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Maine that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Maine that are over the age of 16 is 1,134,793 people.

The unemployment rate in Maine is 37.10%, which means 421,572 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Maine

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Maine. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Maine is 44.7 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Maine

44.7

Total

43.5

Male

46

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 571,064 households in Maine, and the average household size is 2.31 people.

For families, the total number is 348,606, and the average family size is 2.87 people.

6.60% of those families in Maine are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Maine in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Maine for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 275,284 22,996 50,326 222,458
Average Household Size 2.92 3.22 3.14 1.28
Total Families 275,284 22,996 50,326 0
Average Household Size 2.89 2.73 2.83 0

Housing Data in Maine

There are total of 737,782 housing units in Maine. Of those units, 571,064 (77.40%) are occupied, and 166,718 (22.60%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 737,782 housing units in Maine, 140,580 (19.05%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $927.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 56.80% of housing units, with 419,024 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Maine.

  • No rent paid
    11,460
  • Less than $500
    21,845
  • $500 to $999
    58,658
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    40,684
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    14,263
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    3,041
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    1,078
  • $3,000 or more
    1,011

Property Values

The median value of a property in Maine is $212,100.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Maine.

  • Less than $50,000
    27,446
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    44,871
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    54,921
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    68,494
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    102,995
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    83,320
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    30,530
  • $1,000,000 or more
    6,447

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Maine.

  • 1939 or earlier
    174,788
  • 1940 to 1949
    34,332
  • 1950 to 1959
    52,345
  • 1960 to 1969
    51,715
  • 1970 to 1979
    101,516
  • 1980 to 1989
    104,083
  • 1990 to 1999
    86,701
  • 2000 to 2009
    91,908
  • 2010 to 2013
    39,590
  • 2014 or later
    804

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Maine has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    38,978
  • 1 vehicle available
    188,346
  • 2 vehicles available
    228,906
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    114,834

Commuting to Work in Maine

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Maine, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 24.3 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Maine.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    28,501
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    75,845
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    89,506
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    87,775
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    80,762
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    40,212
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    68,310
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    20,765
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    21,763
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    45,129
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    26,255
  • 90 or more minutes
    13,126

We can also look at the means of transport in Maine to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    501,398
  • Carpooled
    59,799
  • Public transportation
    3,285
  • Walked
    24,667
  • Other means
    8,800
  • Worked from home
    69,896

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Maine.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Maine.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Maine Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/maine/.

  • "Maine Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/maine/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • Maine Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/maine/.