Maine Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Maine? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Maine, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Maine

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Maine based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 04110 Cumberland County $324,283.00
2 04105 Cumberland County $223,611.00
3 04107 Cumberland County $192,328.00
4 04021 Cumberland County $179,035.00
5 04096 Cumberland County $163,336.00
6 03907 York County $162,884.00
7 04074 Cumberland County $153,924.00
8 04097 Cumberland County $151,809.00
9 04554 Lincoln County $143,256.00
10 03902 York County $138,134.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Maine.

Richest Cities in Maine

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Maine. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Maine by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Falmouth Cumberland County $223,766.00
2 Cumberland Cumberland County $211,376.00
3 Cape Elizabeth Cumberland County $192,328.00
4 Yarmouth Cumberland County $163,336.00
5 Ogunquit York County $162,884.00
6 Kennebunkport York County $154,856.00
7 Arrowsic Sagadahoc County $152,876.00
8 Scarborough Cumberland County $152,818.00
9 North Yarmouth Cumberland County $151,809.00
10 Carrabassett Valley Franklin County $144,316.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Maine.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2022, the median household income in Maine is $68,251.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Maine.

  • Under 25
  • 25 to 44
  • 45 to 64
  • 65 and over

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Maine?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Maine is $91,599.00.

7.38% of households in Maine are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Maine but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Maine

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Maine easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
  • $25,000 to $49,999
  • $50,000 to $74,999
  • $75,000 to $99,999
  • $100,000 to $149,999
  • $150,000 to $199,999
  • $200,000 or more

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Maine. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Maine by the total number of people in Maine.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Maine and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Maine is $39,718.00.

Population in Maine by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Maine is currently 1,366,949 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Maine can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Maine.

  • 0.80% White
  • 98.10% Black/African American
  • 91.40% Native
  • 2.20% Hispanic
  • 1.50% Asian
  • 0.40% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
  • 0.00% Two or more races
  • 1.10% Other

Population of Maine by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Maine is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 67,570 64,592
10 to 19 Years 78,461 73,317
20 to 29 Years 80,259 76,895
30 to 39 Years 84,448 83,702
40 to 49 Years 79,342 79,824
50 to 59 Years 95,936 100,433
60 to 69 Years 101,308 105,030
70 Years and over 86,906 108,926

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Maine.

  • Master's degree or higher
  • Bachelor's degree
  • Some college or associate's degree
  • High school diploma or equivalent
  • Less than high school diploma

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Maine because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Maine look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Maine that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Maine that are over the age of 16 is 1,147,922 people.

The unemployment rate in Maine is 4.00%, which means 28,762 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Maine

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Maine. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Maine is 44.8 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Maine







Households and Families

There are a total of 580,172 households in Maine, and the average household size is 2.29 people.

For families, the total number is 351,677, and the average family size is 2.86 people.

6.40% of those families in Maine are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Maine in .

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $14,580.00
2 People $19,720.00
3 People $24,860.00
4 People $30,000.00
5 People $35,140.00
6 People $40,280.00
7 People $45,420.00
8 People $50,560.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from , while the latest demographics data we have is from 2022.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Maine for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 277,978 22,930 50,769 228,495
Average Household Size 2.91 3.17 3.14 1.27
Total Families 277,978 22,930 50,769 0
Average Household Size 2.88 2.67 2.82 0

Housing Data in Maine

There are total of 741,803 housing units in Maine. Of those units, 580,172 (78.21%) are occupied, and 161,631 (21.79%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 741,803 housing units in Maine, 142,420 (19.20%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,009.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 57.46% of housing units, with 426,239 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Maine.

  • No rent paid
  • Less than $500
  • $500 to $999
  • $1,000 to $1,499
  • $1,500 to $1,999
  • $2,000 to $2,499
  • $2,500 to $2,999
  • $3,000 or more

Property Values

The median value of a property in Maine is $244,800.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Maine.

  • Less than $50,000
  • $50,000 to $99,999
  • $100,000 to $149,999
  • $150,000 to $199,999
  • $200,000 to $299,999
  • $300,000 to $499,999
  • $500,000 to $999,999
  • $1,000,000 or more

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Maine.

  • 1939 or earlier
  • 1940 to 1949
  • 1950 to 1959
  • 1960 to 1969
  • 1970 to 1979
  • 1980 to 1989
  • 1990 to 1999
  • 2000 to 2009
  • 2010 to 2013
  • 2014 or later

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Maine has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
  • 1 vehicle available
  • 2 vehicles available
  • 3 or more vehicles available

Commuting to Work in Maine

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Maine, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 24.4 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Maine.

  • Less than 5 minutes
  • 5 to 9 minutes
  • 10 to 14 minutes
  • 15 to 19 minutes
  • 20 to 24 minutes
  • 25 to 29 minutes
  • 30 to 34 minutes
  • 35 to 39 minutes
  • 40 to 44 minutes
  • 45 to 59 minutes
  • 60 to 89 minutes
  • 90 or more minutes

We can also look at the means of transport in Maine to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
  • Carpooled
  • Public transportation
  • Walked
  • Other means
  • Worked from home


Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Maine.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Maine.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Maine Population and Demographics". Accessed on February 22, 2024.

  • "Maine Population and Demographics"., Accessed 22 February, 2024

  • Maine Population and Demographics. Retrieved from