Michigan Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Michigan? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Michigan, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Michigan

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Michigan based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 49060 Barry County, Kalamazoo County $326,959.00
2 48301 Oakland County $235,248.00
3 48302 Oakland County $229,868.00
4 48009 Oakland County $219,420.00
5 49301 Kent County $213,575.00
6 48304 Oakland County $209,827.00
7 48374 Oakland County $203,003.00
8 48168 Washtenaw County, Wayne County $198,318.00
9 48025 Oakland County $198,255.00
10 48363 Oakland County $195,652.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Michigan.

Richest Cities in Michigan

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Michigan. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Michigan by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Franklin Oakland County $264,486.00
2 Village of Grosse Pointe Shores Wayne County $247,464.00
3 Village of Grosse Pointe Shores Macomb County, Wayne County $244,212.00
4 Bingham Farms Oakland County $231,952.00
5 Bloomfield Oakland County $218,000.00
6 Ada Kent County $214,608.00
7 Oakland Oakland County $200,292.00
8 Southfield Oakland County $198,221.00
9 Ann Arbor Washtenaw County $197,811.00
10 Beverly Hills Oakland County $178,591.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Michigan.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Michigan is $59,234.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Michigan.

  • Under 25
    $35,152.00
  • 25 to 44
    $70,251.00
  • 45 to 64
    $76,804.00
  • 65 and over
    $48,046.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Michigan?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Michigan is $80,803.00.

6.64% of households in Michigan are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Michigan but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Michigan

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Michigan easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    18.26%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    21.72%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.90%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    13.23%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    15.55%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    6.69%
  • $200,000 or more
    6.64%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Michigan. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Michigan by the total number of people in Michigan.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Michigan and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Michigan is $32,854.00.

Population in Michigan by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Michigan is currently 9,973,907 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Michigan can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Michigan.

  • 74.00% White
    7,448,438
  • 13.40% Black/African American
    1,351,051
  • 0.40% Native
    39,462
  • 5.40% Hispanic
    540,036
  • 3.20% Asian
    319,960
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    2,546
  • 3.30% Two or more races
    333,683
  • 0.30% Other
    27,336

Population of Michigan by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Michigan is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 594,976 564,760
10 to 19 Years 664,226 632,694
20 to 29 Years 692,777 666,244
30 to 39 Years 620,924 614,916
40 to 49 Years 598,970 600,061
50 to 59 Years 680,735 692,677
60 to 69 Years 630,286 662,454
70 Years and over 500,431 645,381

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Michigan.

  • Master's degree or higher
    14.50%
  • Bachelor's degree
    30.34%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    12.50%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    40.01%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.64%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Michigan because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Michigan look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Michigan that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Michigan that are over the age of 16 is 8,136,493 people.

The unemployment rate in Michigan is 38.50%, which means 3,128,587 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Michigan

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Michigan. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Michigan is 39.8 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Michigan

39.8

Total

38.6

Male

41

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 3,976,729 households in Michigan, and the average household size is 2.48 people.

For families, the total number is 2,522,202, and the average family size is 3.09 people.

8.90% of those families in Michigan are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Michigan in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Michigan for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,861,214 194,088 466,900 1,454,527
Average Household Size 3.13 3.24 3.34 1.25
Total Families 1,861,214 194,088 466,900 0
Average Household Size 3.11 2.83 3.12 0

Housing Data in Michigan

There are total of 4,566,504 housing units in Michigan. Of those units, 3,976,729 (87.08%) are occupied, and 589,775 (12.92%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 4,566,504 housing units in Michigan, 1,049,825 (22.99%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $946.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 62.86% of housing units, with 2,870,693 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Michigan.

  • No rent paid
    56,211
  • Less than $500
    109,627
  • $500 to $999
    480,618
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    333,610
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    85,844
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    22,749
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    7,598
  • $3,000 or more
    9,779

Property Values

The median value of a property in Michigan is $172,100.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Michigan.

  • Less than $50,000
    284,457
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    422,975
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    471,208
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    490,400
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    602,204
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    436,850
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    136,250
  • $1,000,000 or more
    26,349

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Michigan.

  • 1939 or earlier
    660,962
  • 1940 to 1949
    330,876
  • 1950 to 1959
    668,928
  • 1960 to 1969
    538,978
  • 1970 to 1979
    699,848
  • 1980 to 1989
    448,163
  • 1990 to 1999
    593,988
  • 2000 to 2009
    453,307
  • 2010 to 2013
    166,951
  • 2014 or later
    4,503

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Michigan has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    288,915
  • 1 vehicle available
    1,348,051
  • 2 vehicles available
    1,534,679
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    805,084

Commuting to Work in Michigan

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Michigan, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 24.5 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Michigan.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    131,699
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    446,434
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    607,833
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    675,715
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    639,233
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    315,202
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    526,865
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    140,233
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    161,819
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    301,216
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    187,092
  • 90 or more minutes
    78,387

We can also look at the means of transport in Michigan to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    3,620,983
  • Carpooled
    381,089
  • Public transportation
    54,189
  • Walked
    97,132
  • Other means
    58,335
  • Worked from home
    382,725

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Michigan.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Michigan.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Michigan Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 8, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/michigan/.

  • "Michigan Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/michigan/. Accessed 8 February, 2023

  • Michigan Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/michigan/.