Minnesota Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Minnesota? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Minnesota, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Minnesota

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Minnesota based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 55356 Hennepin County $298,967.00
2 55424 Hennepin County $283,922.00
3 55391 Hennepin County $241,547.00
4 55982 Mower County $229,827.00
5 55439 Hennepin County $220,105.00
6 55340 Hennepin County $218,294.00
7 55331 Carver County, Hennepin County $217,328.00
8 55042 Washington County $213,591.00
9 55359 Hennepin County $206,292.00
10 55357 Hennepin County $191,209.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Minnesota.

Richest Cities in Minnesota

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Minnesota. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Minnesota by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Rochester Olmsted County $284,602.00
2 Baytown Washington County $238,469.00
3 Haverhill Olmsted County $218,921.00
4 Credit River Scott County $205,481.00
5 West Lakeland Washington County $190,294.00
6 May Washington County $189,770.00
7 New Market Scott County $187,607.00
8 Oronoco Olmsted County $180,596.00
9 Stillwater Washington County $176,856.00
10 Louisville Scott County $175,105.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Minnesota.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Minnesota is $73,382.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Minnesota.

  • Under 25
    $42,756.00
  • 25 to 44
    $88,800.00
  • 45 to 64
    $94,880.00
  • 65 and over
    $52,710.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Minnesota?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Minnesota is $96,814.00.

9.68% of households in Minnesota are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Minnesota but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Minnesota

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Minnesota easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    13.44%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    17.92%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    16.97%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    13.99%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    18.89%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    9.11%
  • $200,000 or more
    9.68%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Minnesota. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Minnesota by the total number of people in Minnesota.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Minnesota and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Minnesota is $38,881.00.

Population in Minnesota by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Minnesota is currently 5,600,166 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Minnesota can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Minnesota.

  • 78.30% White
    4,441,935
  • 6.50% Black/African American
    371,249
  • 0.80% Native
    46,371
  • 5.60% Hispanic
    319,828
  • 5.00% Asian
    281,572
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    2,047
  • 3.40% Two or more races
    190,428
  • 0.30% Other
    17,042

Population of Minnesota by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Minnesota is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 368,449 349,364
10 to 19 Years 382,621 367,728
20 to 29 Years 368,532 357,522
30 to 39 Years 395,120 379,489
40 to 49 Years 348,510 333,561
50 to 59 Years 377,763 372,266
60 to 69 Years 333,261 341,337
70 Years and over 264,879 330,070

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Minnesota.

  • Master's degree or higher
    14.75%
  • Bachelor's degree
    39.31%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    10.51%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    33.36%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.06%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Minnesota because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Minnesota look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Minnesota that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Minnesota that are over the age of 16 is 4,495,952 people.

The unemployment rate in Minnesota is 30.80%, which means 1,386,139 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Minnesota

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Minnesota. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Minnesota is 38.2 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Minnesota

38.2

Total

37.5

Male

38.9

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 2,229,100 households in Minnesota, and the average household size is 2.49 people.

For families, the total number is 1,415,231, and the average family size is 3.09 people.

5.60% of those families in Minnesota are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Minnesota in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Minnesota for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,115,048 97,344 202,839 813,869
Average Household Size 3.13 3.31 3.35 1.29
Total Families 1,115,048 97,344 202,839 0
Average Household Size 3.11 2.86 3.06 0

Housing Data in Minnesota

There are total of 2,470,483 housing units in Minnesota. Of those units, 2,229,100 (90.23%) are occupied, and 241,383 (9.77%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 2,470,483 housing units in Minnesota, 593,096 (24.01%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,081.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 65.20% of housing units, with 1,610,801 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Minnesota.

  • No rent paid
    25,203
  • Less than $500
    65,384
  • $500 to $999
    193,815
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    196,115
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    93,601
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    28,214
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    7,948
  • $3,000 or more
    8,019

Property Values

The median value of a property in Minnesota is $250,200.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Minnesota.

  • Less than $50,000
    69,939
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    98,957
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    152,547
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    237,736
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    462,457
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    424,762
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    142,729
  • $1,000,000 or more
    21,674

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Minnesota.

  • 1939 or earlier
    392,615
  • 1940 to 1949
    108,301
  • 1950 to 1959
    239,067
  • 1960 to 1969
    235,148
  • 1970 to 1979
    361,174
  • 1980 to 1989
    309,770
  • 1990 to 1999
    326,231
  • 2000 to 2009
    331,807
  • 2010 to 2013
    161,978
  • 2014 or later
    4,392

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Minnesota has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    144,942
  • 1 vehicle available
    662,707
  • 2 vehicles available
    892,324
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    529,127

Commuting to Work in Minnesota

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Minnesota, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 23.5 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Minnesota.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    96,140
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    315,284
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    383,571
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    408,374
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    381,571
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    195,592
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    322,657
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    84,607
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    95,313
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    167,137
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    95,774
  • 90 or more minutes
    45,050

We can also look at the means of transport in Minnesota to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    2,159,386
  • Carpooled
    228,071
  • Public transportation
    82,533
  • Walked
    75,175
  • Other means
    45,905
  • Worked from home
    334,862

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Minnesota.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Minnesota.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Minnesota Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/minnesota/.

  • "Minnesota Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/minnesota/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • Minnesota Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/minnesota/.