Houston Average Income, Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Houston, Texas? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Houston, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2022, the median household income in Houston is $60,440.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Houston.

  • Under 25
    $35,703.00
  • 25 to 44
    $64,494.00
  • 45 to 64
    $68,709.00
  • 65 and over
    $48,194.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Houston, Texas?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Houston is $97,458.00.

10.41% of households in Houston, Texas are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Houston but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Houston

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Houston, Texas easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    19.59%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    22.34%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.40%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    11.20%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    12.85%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    6.22%
  • $200,000 or more
    10.41%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Houston, Texas. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Houston by the total number of people in Houston.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Houston and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Houston, Texas is $38,834.00.

Population in Houston by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Houston is currently 2,296,253 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Houston can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Houston, Texas.

  • 13.50% White
    308,866
  • 55.20% Black/African American
    1,266,824
  • 23.60% Native
    541,798
  • 26.90% Hispanic
    616,964
  • 22.00% Asian
    505,308
  • 0.10% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    3,076
  • 0.00% Two or more races
    837
  • 6.80% Other
    156,724

Population of Houston by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Houston, Texas is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 154,941 152,489
10 to 19 Years 148,646 153,746
20 to 29 Years 188,481 192,102
30 to 39 Years 197,899 177,191
40 to 49 Years 150,158 146,164
50 to 59 Years 128,202 123,563
60 to 69 Years 101,725 106,333
70 Years and over 72,191 102,422

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Houston, Texas.

  • Master's degree or higher
    16.83%
  • Bachelor's degree
    38.10%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    7.74%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    33.31%
  • Less than high school diploma
    4.02%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Houston because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Houston look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Houston, Texas that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Houston that are over the age of 16 is 1,806,598 people.

The unemployment rate in Houston is 6.60%, which means 79,148 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Houston

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Houston, Texas. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Houston is 33.9 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Houston

33.9

Total

33.7

Male

34.1

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 897,510 households in Houston, and the average household size is 2.52 people.

For families, the total number is 530,928, and the average family size is 3.29 people.

16.30% of those families in Houston, Texas are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Houston in .

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $14,580.00
2 People $19,720.00
3 People $24,860.00
4 People $30,000.00
5 People $35,140.00
6 People $40,280.00
7 People $45,420.00
8 People $50,560.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from , while the latest demographics data we have is from 2022.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Houston, Texas for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 328,732 59,472 142,724 366,582
Average Household Size 3.38 3.3 3.48 1.24
Total Families 328,732 59,472 142,724 0
Average Household Size 3.36 2.96 3.27 0

Housing Data in Houston

There are total of 1,006,392 housing units in Houston, Texas. Of those units, 897,510 (89.18%) are occupied, and 108,882 (10.82%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 1,006,392 housing units in Houston, 507,300 (50.41%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,235.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 37.42% of housing units, with 376,562 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Houston, Texas.

  • No rent paid
    13,648
  • Less than $500
    14,723
  • $500 to $999
    130,404
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    203,715
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    103,558
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    31,596
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    11,168
  • $3,000 or more
    12,136

Property Values

The median value of a property in Houston is $235,000.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Houston.

  • Less than $50,000
    15,433
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    38,257
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    50,015
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    54,817
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    73,960
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    74,160
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    50,385
  • $1,000,000 or more
    19,535

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Houston, Texas.

  • 1939 or earlier
    41,952
  • 1940 to 1949
    40,580
  • 1950 to 1959
    96,775
  • 1960 to 1969
    125,932
  • 1970 to 1979
    195,811
  • 1980 to 1989
    142,020
  • 1990 to 1999
    96,454
  • 2000 to 2009
    129,870
  • 2010 to 2013
    130,427
  • 2014 or later
    6,571

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Houston has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    84,987
  • 1 vehicle available
    373,307
  • 2 vehicles available
    311,857
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    127,359

Commuting to Work in Houston

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Houston, Texas, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 27.4 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Houston.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    13,991
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    58,541
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    106,073
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    145,979
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    160,485
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    72,290
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    199,731
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    36,393
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    44,579
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    85,646
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    55,114
  • 90 or more minutes
    18,027

We can also look at the means of transport in Houston to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    793,280
  • Carpooled
    109,313
  • Public transportation
    37,336
  • Walked
    20,591
  • Other means
    36,329
  • Worked from home
    108,239

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Houston, Texas.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Houston.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

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  • "Houston Average Income, Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on May 19, 2024. https://namecensus.com/demographics/missouri/texas-county/houston/.

  • "Houston Average Income, Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/missouri/texas-county/houston/. Accessed 19 May, 2024

  • Houston Average Income, Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/missouri/texas-county/houston/.