New Jersey Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for New Jersey? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for New Jersey, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in New Jersey

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in New Jersey based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 7078 Essex County $434,908.00
2 7021 Essex County $351,049.00
3 7423 Bergen County $331,716.00
4 7458 Bergen County $323,843.00
5 7760 Monmouth County $322,963.00
6 7620 Bergen County $318,616.00
7 7046 Morris County $315,791.00
8 7028 Essex County $305,648.00
9 7931 Morris County, Somerset County $299,155.00
10 8836 Somerset County $289,856.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in New Jersey.

Richest Cities in New Jersey

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in New Jersey. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in New Jersey by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Millburn Essex County $361,593.00
2 Mendham Morris County $355,533.00
3 Chatham Morris County $309,113.00
4 Harding Morris County $283,024.00
5 Warren Somerset County $271,499.00
6 Montgomery Somerset County $246,033.00
7 Colts Neck Monmouth County $244,673.00
8 Bernards Somerset County $243,403.00
9 Livingston Essex County $239,353.00
10 Cranbury Middlesex County $235,917.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in New Jersey.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in New Jersey is $85,245.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in New Jersey.

  • Under 25
    $42,764.00
  • 25 to 44
    $97,523.00
  • 45 to 64
    $108,974.00
  • 65 and over
    $60,697.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in New Jersey?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in New Jersey is $117,868.00.

16.55% of households in New Jersey are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for New Jersey but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for New Jersey

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for New Jersey easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    13.67%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    14.94%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    13.92%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    12.10%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    17.93%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    10.88%
  • $200,000 or more
    16.55%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in New Jersey. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in New Jersey by the total number of people in New Jersey.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in New Jersey and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in New Jersey is $44,153.00.

Population in New Jersey by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in New Jersey is currently 8,885,418 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in New Jersey can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in New Jersey.

  • 53.80% White
    4,966,842
  • 12.50% Black/African American
    1,158,820
  • 0.10% Native
    8,873
  • 20.80% Hispanic
    1,924,503
  • 9.70% Asian
    894,646
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    2,196
  • 2.40% Two or more races
    225,620
  • 0.60% Other
    52,524

Population of New Jersey by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for New Jersey is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 558,743 529,480
10 to 19 Years 600,265 574,773
20 to 29 Years 580,701 563,040
30 to 39 Years 607,455 599,462
40 to 49 Years 595,822 602,625
50 to 59 Years 648,171 671,590
60 to 69 Years 523,207 568,262
70 Years and over 424,947 585,481

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in New Jersey.

  • Master's degree or higher
    17.55%
  • Bachelor's degree
    37.02%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    7.59%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    35.21%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.64%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for New Jersey because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in New Jersey look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in New Jersey that are over the age of 16.

The current population in New Jersey that are over the age of 16 is 7,436,293 people.

The unemployment rate in New Jersey is 34.00%, which means 2,531,257 people are unemployed.

Median Age in New Jersey

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in New Jersey. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in New Jersey is 40 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in New Jersey

40

Total

38.7

Male

41.3

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 3,397,156 households in New Jersey, and the average household size is 2.66 people.

For families, the total number is 2,326,941, and the average family size is 3.24 people.

7.00% of those families in New Jersey are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for New Jersey in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in New Jersey for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,723,295 167,378 436,268 1,070,215
Average Household Size 3.34 3.24 3.31 1.23
Total Families 1,723,295 167,378 436,268 0
Average Household Size 3.31 2.86 3.11 0

Housing Data in New Jersey

There are total of 3,738,342 housing units in New Jersey. Of those units, 3,397,156 (90.87%) are occupied, and 341,186 (9.13%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 3,738,342 housing units in New Jersey, 1,193,004 (31.91%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,436.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 58.00% of housing units, with 2,168,148 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in New Jersey.

  • No rent paid
    36,004
  • Less than $500
    88,542
  • $500 to $999
    145,677
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    418,150
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    304,015
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    131,245
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    52,911
  • $3,000 or more
    52,464

Property Values

The median value of a property in New Jersey is $355,700.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in New Jersey.

  • Less than $50,000
    52,545
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    57,723
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    101,153
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    181,997
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    439,413
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    758,769
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    491,480
  • $1,000,000 or more
    85,068

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in New Jersey.

  • 1939 or earlier
    671,709
  • 1940 to 1949
    259,906
  • 1950 to 1959
    543,189
  • 1960 to 1969
    493,752
  • 1970 to 1979
    465,283
  • 1980 to 1989
    440,943
  • 1990 to 1999
    354,324
  • 2000 to 2009
    331,583
  • 2010 to 2013
    174,297
  • 2014 or later
    3,356

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in New Jersey has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    384,372
  • 1 vehicle available
    1,157,958
  • 2 vehicles available
    1,215,528
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    639,298

Commuting to Work in New Jersey

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of New Jersey, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 31.5 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of New Jersey.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    84,532
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    306,828
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    456,026
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    513,465
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    516,392
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    259,178
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    549,032
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    129,799
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    190,745
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    404,353
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    403,205
  • 90 or more minutes
    199,007

We can also look at the means of transport in New Jersey to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    3,021,839
  • Carpooled
    341,548
  • Public transportation
    438,123
  • Walked
    115,825
  • Other means
    95,227
  • Worked from home
    477,228

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in New Jersey.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for New Jersey.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "New Jersey Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/new-jersey/.

  • "New Jersey Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/new-jersey/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • New Jersey Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/new-jersey/.