New Mexico Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for New Mexico? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for New Mexico, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in New Mexico

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in New Mexico based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 87122 Bernalillo County $177,453.00
2 87544 Los Alamos County $144,635.00
3 87048 Bernalillo County, Sandoval County $131,833.00
4 87025 Sandoval County $129,051.00
5 87506 Santa Fe County $120,075.00
6 87043 Sandoval County $119,652.00
7 87501 Santa Fe County $117,102.00
8 87008 Bernalillo County $114,597.00
9 87113 Bernalillo County $110,570.00
10 87047 Bernalillo County, Sandoval County, Santa Fe County $109,708.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in New Mexico.

Richest Cities in New Mexico

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in New Mexico. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in New Mexico by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Corrales Sandoval County $132,850.00
2 Los Ranchos de Albuquerque Bernalillo County $121,682.00
3 Angel Fire Colfax County $89,374.00
4 Peralta Valencia County $88,475.00
5 Santa Fe Santa Fe County $87,514.00
6 Mesilla Doña Ana County $85,628.00
7 Carlsbad Eddy County $85,446.00
8 Rio Rancho Bernalillo County, Sandoval County $85,087.00
9 Edgewood Bernalillo County, Sandoval County, Santa Fe County $83,930.00
10 Artesia Eddy County $83,449.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in New Mexico.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in New Mexico is $51,243.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in New Mexico.

  • Under 25
    $30,939.00
  • 25 to 44
    $58,701.00
  • 45 to 64
    $62,148.00
  • 65 and over
    $45,450.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in New Mexico?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in New Mexico is $70,241.00.

4.86% of households in New Mexico are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for New Mexico but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for New Mexico

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for New Mexico easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    23.81%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    22.98%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.69%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    11.61%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    13.61%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    5.45%
  • $200,000 or more
    4.86%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in New Mexico. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in New Mexico by the total number of people in New Mexico.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in New Mexico and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in New Mexico is $27,945.00.

Population in New Mexico by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in New Mexico is currently 2,097,021 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in New Mexico can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in New Mexico.

  • 36.00% White
    759,917
  • 1.80% Black/African American
    37,848
  • 8.50% Native
    180,121
  • 49.60% Hispanic
    1,046,411
  • 1.50% Asian
    31,382
  • 0.10% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    1,145
  • 2.20% Two or more races
    45,879
  • 0.30% Other
    6,663

Population of New Mexico by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for New Mexico is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 129,621 124,050
10 to 19 Years 147,131 141,748
20 to 29 Years 145,516 135,958
30 to 39 Years 141,871 133,636
40 to 49 Years 121,698 122,208
50 to 59 Years 125,895 132,034
60 to 69 Years 125,193 139,219
70 Years and over 111,523 132,065

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in New Mexico.

  • Master's degree or higher
    16.49%
  • Bachelor's degree
    29.17%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    11.74%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    39.52%
  • Less than high school diploma
    3.07%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for New Mexico because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in New Mexico look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in New Mexico that are over the age of 16.

The current population in New Mexico that are over the age of 16 is 1,682,568 people.

The unemployment rate in New Mexico is 42.70%, which means 718,108 people are unemployed.

Median Age in New Mexico

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in New Mexico. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in New Mexico is 38.3 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in New Mexico

38.3

Total

37.1

Male

39.6

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 797,596 households in New Mexico, and the average household size is 2.59 people.

For families, the total number is 497,024, and the average family size is 3.3 people.

13.80% of those families in New Mexico are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for New Mexico in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in New Mexico for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 339,742 48,907 108,375 300,572
Average Household Size 3.27 3.68 3.75 1.23
Total Families 339,742 48,907 108,375 0
Average Household Size 3.24 3.24 3.51 0

Housing Data in New Mexico

There are total of 937,397 housing units in New Mexico. Of those units, 797,596 (85.09%) are occupied, and 139,801 (14.91%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 937,397 housing units in New Mexico, 230,852 (24.63%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $897.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 58.02% of housing units, with 543,834 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in New Mexico.

  • No rent paid
    22,910
  • Less than $500
    27,237
  • $500 to $999
    110,311
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    67,828
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    19,633
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    3,878
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    894
  • $3,000 or more
    1,071

Property Values

The median value of a property in New Mexico is $184,800.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in New Mexico.

  • Less than $50,000
    58,242
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    61,961
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    78,401
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    99,251
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    121,604
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    84,449
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    31,901
  • $1,000,000 or more
    8,025

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in New Mexico.

  • 1939 or earlier
    40,596
  • 1940 to 1949
    36,855
  • 1950 to 1959
    89,263
  • 1960 to 1969
    89,947
  • 1970 to 1979
    163,392
  • 1980 to 1989
    158,244
  • 1990 to 1999
    161,992
  • 2000 to 2009
    139,357
  • 2010 to 2013
    56,400
  • 2014 or later
    1,351

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in New Mexico has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    46,125
  • 1 vehicle available
    263,550
  • 2 vehicles available
    289,379
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    198,542

Commuting to Work in New Mexico

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of New Mexico, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 22.9 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of New Mexico.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    34,292
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    105,415
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    131,236
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    144,548
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    119,625
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    46,623
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    97,792
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    16,496
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    22,415
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    45,205
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    32,572
  • 90 or more minutes
    18,110

We can also look at the means of transport in New Mexico to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    687,485
  • Carpooled
    88,672
  • Public transportation
    7,140
  • Walked
    16,839
  • Other means
    14,193
  • Worked from home
    72,922

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in New Mexico.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for New Mexico.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "New Mexico Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/new-mexico/.

  • "New Mexico Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/new-mexico/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • New Mexico Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/new-mexico/.