Ohio Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Ohio? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Ohio, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Ohio

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Ohio based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 45174 Hamilton County $263,703.00
2 44040 Cuyahoga County $263,072.00
3 45243 Hamilton County $237,888.00
4 44022 Cuyahoga County, Geauga County $223,582.00
5 43054 Franklin County $192,944.00
6 43021 Delaware County $183,116.00
7 45208 Hamilton County $179,339.00
8 44236 Portage County, Summit County $179,135.00
9 44286 Summit County $174,123.00
10 43065 Delaware County, Franklin County $173,028.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Ohio.

Richest Cities in Ohio

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Ohio. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Ohio by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Hunting Valley Cuyahoga County, Geauga County $355,075.00
2 New Albany Franklin County, Licking County $304,905.00
3 Plain Franklin County $281,266.00
4 Bath Summit County $226,666.00
5 Liberty Delaware County $200,635.00
6 Powell Delaware County $192,500.00
7 Berlin Delaware County $189,632.00
8 Concord Delaware County $186,919.00
9 Jerome Union County $186,554.00
10 Brown Franklin County $182,806.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Ohio.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Ohio is $58,116.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Ohio.

  • Under 25
    $34,966.00
  • 25 to 44
    $69,071.00
  • 45 to 64
    $74,999.00
  • 65 and over
    $46,112.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Ohio?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Ohio is $78,797.00.

6.16% of households in Ohio are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Ohio but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Ohio

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Ohio easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    19.01%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    21.81%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    18.02%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    13.21%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    15.47%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    6.32%
  • $200,000 or more
    6.16%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Ohio. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Ohio by the total number of people in Ohio.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Ohio and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Ohio is $32,465.00.

Population in Ohio by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Ohio is currently 11,675,275 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Ohio can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Ohio.

  • 77.80% White
    9,152,826
  • 12.20% Black/African American
    1,432,646
  • 0.10% Native
    11,239
  • 4.10% Hispanic
    480,347
  • 2.30% Asian
    274,662
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    3,407
  • 3.30% Two or more races
    382,625
  • 0.30% Other
    32,171

Population of Ohio by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Ohio is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 718,503 683,434
10 to 19 Years 787,936 753,991
20 to 29 Years 776,186 758,405
30 to 39 Years 746,726 740,228
40 to 49 Years 708,609 713,155
50 to 59 Years 784,744 794,329
60 to 69 Years 707,720 767,787
70 Years and over 569,580 758,590

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Ohio.

  • Master's degree or higher
    13.05%
  • Bachelor's degree
    28.70%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    10.73%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    44.98%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.54%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Ohio because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Ohio look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Ohio that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Ohio that are over the age of 16 is 9,449,482 people.

The unemployment rate in Ohio is 36.70%, which means 3,467,837 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Ohio

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Ohio. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Ohio is 39.4 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Ohio

39.4

Total

38.2

Male

40.6

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 4,754,161 households in Ohio, and the average household size is 2.41 people.

For families, the total number is 2,964,953, and the average family size is 3.03 people.

9.30% of those families in Ohio are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Ohio in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Ohio for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 2,154,854 228,400 581,699 1,789,208
Average Household Size 3.09 3.16 3.23 1.23
Total Families 2,154,854 228,400 581,699 0
Average Household Size 3.07 2.74 3.01 0

Housing Data in Ohio

There are total of 5,232,733 housing units in Ohio. Of those units, 4,754,161 (90.85%) are occupied, and 478,572 (9.15%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 5,232,733 housing units in Ohio, 1,504,999 (28.76%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $870.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 60.50% of housing units, with 3,165,935 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Ohio.

  • No rent paid
    83,227
  • Less than $500
    172,447
  • $500 to $999
    801,557
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    405,582
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    88,141
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    21,943
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    6,455
  • $3,000 or more
    8,874

Property Values

The median value of a property in Ohio is $159,900.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Ohio.

  • Less than $50,000
    245,208
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    571,783
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    633,991
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    559,961
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    619,510
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    398,229
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    117,901
  • $1,000,000 or more
    19,352

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Ohio.

  • 1939 or earlier
    1,021,621
  • 1940 to 1949
    307,765
  • 1950 to 1959
    721,241
  • 1960 to 1969
    625,850
  • 1970 to 1979
    740,067
  • 1980 to 1989
    475,890
  • 1990 to 1999
    613,280
  • 2000 to 2009
    494,787
  • 2010 to 2013
    226,671
  • 2014 or later
    5,561

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Ohio has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    357,194
  • 1 vehicle available
    1,571,267
  • 2 vehicles available
    1,797,442
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    1,028,258

Commuting to Work in Ohio

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Ohio, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 23.7 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Ohio.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    178,107
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    560,947
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    731,603
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    823,508
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    811,344
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    425,619
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    638,583
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    174,825
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    176,934
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    314,709
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    173,199
  • 90 or more minutes
    90,435

We can also look at the means of transport in Ohio to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    4,426,792
  • Carpooled
    418,156
  • Public transportation
    71,200
  • Walked
    114,274
  • Other means
    69,391
  • Worked from home
    448,767

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Ohio.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Ohio.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Ohio Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/ohio/.

  • "Ohio Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/ohio/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • Ohio Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/ohio/.