Ohio Population and Demographics
Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Ohio? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!
In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Ohio, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.
The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.
Richest Zip Codes in Ohio
In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Ohio based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.
If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.
|Rank||ZIP Code||County||Mean Income|
|4||44022||Cuyahoga County, Geauga County||$223,582.00|
|8||44236||Portage County, Summit County||$179,135.00|
|10||43065||Delaware County, Franklin County||$173,028.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Ohio.
Richest Cities in Ohio
We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Ohio. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Ohio by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.
|1||Hunting Valley||Cuyahoga County, Geauga County||$355,075.00|
|2||New Albany||Franklin County, Licking County||$304,905.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Ohio.
Median Household Income
According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Ohio is $58,116.00.
The chart below shows the average household income by age in Ohio.
25 to 44$69,071.00
45 to 64$74,999.00
65 and over$46,112.00
Average Household Income
A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Ohio?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.
The average (or mean) household income in Ohio is $78,797.00.
6.16% of households in Ohio are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).
The difference between a median and an average income
The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.
Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Ohio but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.
Household Income Tiers for Ohio
We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.
The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Ohio easier to view.
You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.
Less than $24,99919.01%
$25,000 to $49,99921.81%
$50,000 to $74,99918.02%
$75,000 to $99,99913.21%
$100,000 to $149,99915.47%
$150,000 to $199,9996.32%
$200,000 or more6.16%
Per Capita Income
The per capita income is the average income of all people in Ohio. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Ohio by the total number of people in Ohio.
It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Ohio and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).
The per capita income in Ohio is $32,465.00.
Population in Ohio by Race and Ethnicity
The total population in Ohio is currently 11,675,275 people.
The race and ethnicity of the population in Ohio can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.
Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.
The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Ohio.
12.20% Black/African American1,432,646
0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander3,407
3.30% Two or more races382,625
Population of Ohio by Age and Gender
Another very important demographics statistic for Ohio is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.
In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.
|0 to 9 Years||718,503||683,434|
|10 to 19 Years||787,936||753,991|
|20 to 29 Years||776,186||758,405|
|30 to 39 Years||746,726||740,228|
|40 to 49 Years||708,609||713,155|
|50 to 59 Years||784,744||794,329|
|60 to 69 Years||707,720||767,787|
|70 Years and over||569,580||758,590|
Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.
What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.
The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Ohio.
Master's degree or higher13.05%
Some college or associate's degree10.73%
High school diploma or equivalent44.98%
Less than high school diploma2.54%
The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Ohio because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.
Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Ohio look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.
The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Ohio that are over the age of 16.
The current population in Ohio that are over the age of 16 is 9,449,482 people.
The unemployment rate in Ohio is 36.70%, which means 3,467,837 people are unemployed.
Median Age in Ohio
The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Ohio. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.
For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.
An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.
The median age in Ohio is 39.4 years old.
We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:
Median age by gender in Ohio
Households and Families
There are a total of 4,754,161 households in Ohio, and the average household size is 2.41 people.
For families, the total number is 2,964,953, and the average family size is 3.03 people.
9.30% of those families in Ohio are living below the poverty line.
The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Ohio in 2022.
|Household Size||Poverty Threshold|
Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.
Households and Families by Marital Status
There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:
- Male householder, no spouse present
- Female householder, no spouse present
- Nonfamily household
In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Ohio for each type, as well as the average sizes.
|Average Household Size||3.09||3.16||3.23||1.23|
|Average Household Size||3.07||2.74||3.01||0|
Housing Data in Ohio
There are total of 5,232,733 housing units in Ohio. Of those units, 4,754,161 (90.85%) are occupied, and 478,572 (9.15%) are vacant.
Of the 5,232,733 housing units in Ohio, 1,504,999 (28.76%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $870.00.
Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 60.50% of housing units, with 3,165,935 housing units in total.
The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Ohio.
No rent paid83,227
Less than $500172,447
$500 to $999801,557
$1,000 to $1,499405,582
$1,500 to $1,99988,141
$2,000 to $2,49921,943
$2,500 to $2,9996,455
$3,000 or more8,874
The median value of a property in Ohio is $159,900.00.
The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Ohio.
Less than $50,000245,208
$50,000 to $99,999571,783
$100,000 to $149,999633,991
$150,000 to $199,999559,961
$200,000 to $299,999619,510
$300,000 to $499,999398,229
$500,000 to $999,999117,901
$1,000,000 or more19,352
We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Ohio.
1939 or earlier1,021,621
1940 to 1949307,765
1950 to 1959721,241
1960 to 1969625,850
1970 to 1979740,067
1980 to 1989475,890
1990 to 1999613,280
2000 to 2009494,787
2010 to 2013226,671
2014 or later5,561
Vehicles Available per Household
Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Ohio has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.
No vehicles available357,194
1 vehicle available1,571,267
2 vehicles available1,797,442
3 or more vehicles available1,028,258
Commuting to Work in Ohio
The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.
Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?
Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Ohio, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.
The average travel time is 23.7 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Ohio.
Less than 5 minutes178,107
5 to 9 minutes560,947
10 to 14 minutes731,603
15 to 19 minutes823,508
20 to 24 minutes811,344
25 to 29 minutes425,619
30 to 34 minutes638,583
35 to 39 minutes174,825
40 to 44 minutes176,934
45 to 59 minutes314,709
60 to 89 minutes173,199
90 or more minutes90,435
We can also look at the means of transport in Ohio to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.
Worked from home448,767
Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Ohio.
If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Ohio.
Link To or Reference This Page
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"Ohio Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/ohio/.
"Ohio Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/ohio/. Accessed 1 February, 2023
Ohio Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/ohio/.