San Juan Average Income, Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for San Juan, Puerto Rico? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for San Juan, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2022, the median household income in San Juan is $26,610.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in San Juan.

  • Under 25
    $5,571.00
  • 25 to 44
    $25,168.00
  • 45 to 64
    $34,574.00
  • 65 and over
    $24,065.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in San Juan, Puerto Rico?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in San Juan is $50,374.00.

3.43% of households in San Juan, Puerto Rico are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for San Juan but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for San Juan

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for San Juan, Puerto Rico easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    48.09%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    21.82%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    11.75%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    6.35%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    6.18%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    2.38%
  • $200,000 or more
    3.43%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in San Juan, Puerto Rico. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in San Juan by the total number of people in San Juan.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in San Juan and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in San Juan, Puerto Rico is $23,072.00.

Population in San Juan by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in San Juan is currently 322,616 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in San Juan can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

  • 10.10% White
    32,570
  • 2.10% Black/African American
    6,827
  • 1.40% Native
    4,627
  • 40.80% Hispanic
    131,514
  • 0.20% Asian
    618
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    0
  • 0.00% Two or more races
    0
  • 0.30% Other
    845

Population of San Juan by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for San Juan, Puerto Rico is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 13,328 12,986
10 to 19 Years 16,752 17,947
20 to 29 Years 21,052 23,054
30 to 39 Years 17,543 19,971
40 to 49 Years 17,571 21,024
50 to 59 Years 18,361 22,629
60 to 69 Years 18,894 23,779
70 Years and over 22,853 34,872

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

  • Master's degree or higher
    16.86%
  • Bachelor's degree
    44.58%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    2.79%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    34.06%
  • Less than high school diploma
    1.71%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for San Juan because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in San Juan look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in San Juan, Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16.

The current population in San Juan that are over the age of 16 is 276,612 people.

The unemployment rate in San Juan is 15.50%, which means 22,395 people are unemployed.

Median Age in San Juan

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in San Juan, Puerto Rico. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in San Juan is 44.8 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in San Juan

44.8

Total

42.5

Male

46.8

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 139,646 households in San Juan, and the average household size is 2.26 people.

For families, the total number is 74,660, and the average family size is 3.11 people.

35.80% of those families in San Juan, Puerto Rico are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for San Juan in .

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $14,580.00
2 People $19,720.00
3 People $24,860.00
4 People $30,000.00
5 People $35,140.00
6 People $40,280.00
7 People $45,420.00
8 People $50,560.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from , while the latest demographics data we have is from 2022.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in San Juan, Puerto Rico for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 35,536 7,464 31,660 64,986
Average Household Size 3.11 3.35 3.29 1.16
Total Families 35,536 7,464 31,660 0
Average Household Size 3.09 3.02 3.15 0

Housing Data in San Juan

There are total of 181,144 housing units in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Of those units, 139,646 (77.09%) are occupied, and 41,498 (22.91%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 181,144 housing units in San Juan, 53,463 (29.51%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $576.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 41.19% of housing units, with 74,606 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

  • No rent paid
    11,577
  • Less than $500
    22,533
  • $500 to $999
    22,653
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    5,905
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    1,329
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    373
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    208
  • $3,000 or more
    462

Property Values

The median value of a property in San Juan is $166,600.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in San Juan.

  • Less than $50,000
    3,375
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    9,443
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    17,544
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    16,647
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    13,661
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    7,432
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    4,598
  • $1,000,000 or more
    1,906

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

  • 1939 or earlier
    9,364
  • 1940 to 1949
    21,091
  • 1950 to 1959
    32,071
  • 1960 to 1969
    43,811
  • 1970 to 1979
    32,279
  • 1980 to 1989
    16,660
  • 1990 to 1999
    13,754
  • 2000 to 2009
    9,648
  • 2010 to 2013
    2,378
  • 2014 or later
    88

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in San Juan has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    31,190
  • 1 vehicle available
    62,402
  • 2 vehicles available
    34,044
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    12,010

Commuting to Work in San Juan

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of San Juan, Puerto Rico, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 25.2 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of San Juan.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    1,836
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    5,401
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    13,041
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    19,563
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    24,034
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    5,528
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    25,087
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    1,499
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    2,936
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    6,010
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    5,654
  • 90 or more minutes
    1,767

We can also look at the means of transport in San Juan to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    88,207
  • Carpooled
    8,630
  • Public transportation
    5,186
  • Walked
    5,642
  • Other means
    4,691
  • Worked from home
    8,001

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for San Juan.

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  • "San Juan Average Income, Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on April 21, 2024. https://namecensus.com/demographics/puerto-rico/san-juan-municipio/san-juan/.

  • "San Juan Average Income, Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/puerto-rico/san-juan-municipio/san-juan/. Accessed 21 April, 2024

  • San Juan Average Income, Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/puerto-rico/san-juan-municipio/san-juan/.