Texas Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Texas? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Texas, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Texas

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Texas based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 77010 Harris County $369,508.00
2 76092 Denton County, Tarrant County $326,836.00
3 77005 Harris County $298,390.00
4 75225 Dallas County $293,354.00
5 75205 Dallas County $292,313.00
6 77401 Harris County $287,255.00
7 78733 Travis County $262,227.00
8 78746 Travis County $240,365.00
9 77024 Harris County $239,961.00
10 76034 Tarrant County $233,366.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Texas.

Richest Cities in Texas

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Texas. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Texas by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Hunters Creek Village Harris County $477,852.00
2 Westlake Denton County, Tarrant County $471,768.00
3 Piney Point Village Harris County $465,566.00
4 Highland Park Dallas County $429,832.00
5 Bunker Hill Village Harris County $396,465.00
6 Westover Hills Tarrant County $392,987.00
7 Hill Country Village Bexar County $390,790.00
8 West University Place Harris County $365,547.00
9 University Park Dallas County $351,025.00
10 Southside Place Harris County $325,632.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Texas.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Texas is $63,826.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Texas.

  • Under 25
    $35,115.00
  • 25 to 44
    $72,082.00
  • 45 to 64
    $80,762.00
  • 65 and over
    $49,599.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Texas?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Texas is $89,506.00.

8.75% of households in Texas are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Texas but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Texas

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Texas easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    17.17%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    20.24%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.26%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    12.67%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    16.22%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    7.69%
  • $200,000 or more
    8.75%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Texas. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Texas by the total number of people in Texas.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Texas and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Texas is $32,177.00.

Population in Texas by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Texas is currently 28,635,442 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Texas can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Texas.

  • 40.70% White
    11,745,032
  • 11.80% Black/African American
    3,401,742
  • 0.20% Native
    55,658
  • 39.80% Hispanic
    11,479,932
  • 5.00% Asian
    1,433,683
  • 0.10% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    21,282
  • 2.30% Two or more races
    652,631
  • 0.30% Other
    72,621

Population of Texas by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Texas is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 2,044,080 1,956,834
10 to 19 Years 2,179,629 2,080,689
20 to 29 Years 2,078,152 1,995,184
30 to 39 Years 2,091,194 2,044,809
40 to 49 Years 1,901,409 1,875,074
50 to 59 Years 1,713,784 1,724,493
60 to 69 Years 1,358,532 1,462,356
70 Years and over 1,031,391 1,324,971

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Texas.

  • Master's degree or higher
    14.35%
  • Bachelor's degree
    35.74%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    11.24%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    35.33%
  • Less than high school diploma
    3.34%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Texas because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Texas look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Texas that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Texas that are over the age of 16 is 22,261,181 people.

The unemployment rate in Texas is 34.90%, which means 7,768,365 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Texas

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Texas. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Texas is 35 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Texas

35

Total

34.2

Male

35.8

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 10,239,341 households in Texas, and the average household size is 2.76 people.

For families, the total number is 7,055,810, and the average family size is 3.36 people.

10.70% of those families in Texas are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Texas in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Texas for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 5,120,567 533,034 1,402,209 3,183,531
Average Household Size 3.43 3.37 3.53 1.26
Total Families 5,120,567 533,034 1,402,209 0
Average Household Size 3.4 3 3.33 0

Housing Data in Texas

There are total of 11,433,880 housing units in Texas. Of those units, 10,239,341 (89.55%) are occupied, and 1,194,539 (10.45%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 11,433,880 housing units in Texas, 3,667,459 (32.08%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,146.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 55.90% of housing units, with 6,391,061 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Texas.

  • No rent paid
    180,821
  • Less than $500
    198,728
  • $500 to $999
    1,152,735
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    1,407,813
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    616,163
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    196,141
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    50,594
  • $3,000 or more
    45,285

Property Values

The median value of a property in Texas is $202,600.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Texas.

  • Less than $50,000
    494,763
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    822,676
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    852,167
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    984,283
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    1,428,156
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    1,204,743
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    483,338
  • $1,000,000 or more
    120,935

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Texas.

  • 1939 or earlier
    380,957
  • 1940 to 1949
    348,819
  • 1950 to 1959
    841,347
  • 1960 to 1969
    979,599
  • 1970 to 1979
    1,643,368
  • 1980 to 1989
    1,798,169
  • 1990 to 1999
    1,673,976
  • 2000 to 2009
    2,105,392
  • 2010 to 2013
    1,622,470
  • 2014 or later
    39,783

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Texas has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    533,515
  • 1 vehicle available
    3,275,965
  • 2 vehicles available
    4,112,337
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    2,317,524

Commuting to Work in Texas

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Texas, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 26.6 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Texas.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    311,953
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    1,099,436
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    1,604,159
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    1,902,138
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    1,768,479
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    779,722
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    1,828,741
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    377,052
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    483,768
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    1,070,380
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    726,004
  • 90 or more minutes
    281,817

We can also look at the means of transport in Texas to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    10,362,598
  • Carpooled
    1,305,734
  • Public transportation
    152,475
  • Walked
    196,328
  • Other means
    216,514
  • Worked from home
    1,230,833

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Texas.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Texas.