Abascal last name popularity, history, and meaning

Find out how popular the last name Abascal is in the United States and learn more about the meaning, history, and race and ethnic origin of people in America who are named Abascal.

Meaning of Abascal

Derived from a Basque place name meaning "by the foothills" or "near the mountain pass."

Abascal, like all of the last names we have data for, is identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as a surname which has more than 100 occurrences in the United States in the Decennial Census survey. The most recent statistics we have for the Abascal surname is from the 2010 census data.

Popularity of Abascal in America

Abascal is the 42378th most popular name in America based on the data we have collected from the U.S. Census Bureau.

The Abascal surname appeared 512 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 people would have the surname Abascal.

We can also compare 2010 data for Abascal to data from the previous census in 2000. The table below contains all of the statistics for both years in a side-by-side comparison.

2010 2000 Change (%)
Rank 42378 45227 -6.50%
Count 512 446 13.78%
Proportion per 100k 0.17 0.17 0.00%

The history of the last name Abascal

The surname Abascal originated in Spain and can be traced back to the 11th century. It is derived from the Basque word "abaska," which means "meadow" or "pasture." The earliest known spelling of the name was "Auascal," which was found in a document from the region of Navarre in 1089.

The name Abascal was initially concentrated in the Basque regions of northern Spain, particularly in the provinces of Álava, Vizcaya, and Guipúzcoa. As people migrated throughout Spain and its territories, the name spread to other areas, including the Canary Islands and Spanish colonies in the Americas.

One of the earliest recorded mentions of the Abascal surname can be found in the "Becerro de las Behetrías," a medieval census document from the 14th century. This document lists several individuals with the Abascal surname residing in various towns and villages in the Basque Country.

In the 16th century, the name appeared in several historical records, including the "Libro de Bautismos" (Book of Baptisms) of the parish of San Sebastián in Guipúzcoa. One notable figure from this time was Juan de Abascal (1530-1602), a merchant and shipowner from Bilbao who was involved in trade with the Americas.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Abascal surname gained prominence in various fields. One notable individual was José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa (1743-1821), a Spanish military officer and viceroy of Peru from 1806 to 1816. He played a significant role in defending the Spanish colonies against the independence movements.

Another notable figure was Mariano Abascal y Llanos (1777-1852), a Spanish military officer and politician who served as the Captain General of Cuba from 1825 to 1835. He was instrumental in suppressing several slave revolts on the island during his tenure.

In the 19th century, the Abascal surname was also found in various literary and artistic circles. One example is José Abascal y Carredano (1817-1889), a Spanish painter and lithographer known for his landscapes and portraits.

Throughout history, the Abascal surname has been associated with numerous place names in Spain, such as Abascal-Dulantzi, a municipality in the province of Álava, and Abascal-Arraiz, a village in the province of Navarre.

Race and ethnic origin of people with the last name Abascal

We also have some data on the ancestry of people with the surname Abascal.

The below race categories are the modified race categories used in the Census Bureau's population estimates program. All people were categorized into six mutually exclusive racial and Hispanic origin groups:

  1. White only
  2. Black only
  3. American Indian and Alaskan Native only
  4. Asian and Pacific Islander only
  5. Hispanic
  6. Two or More Races

For the most recent 2010 census data, the race/ethnic origin breakdown for Abascal was:

Race/Ethnicity Percentage Total Occurrences
Non-Hispanic White Only 11.33% 58
Non-Hispanic Black Only (S)% (S)
Non-Hispanic Asian and Pacific Islander Only (S)% (S)
Non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaskan Native 0.00% 0
Non-Hispanic of Two or More Races (S)% (S)
Hispanic Origin 87.30% 447

Note: Any fields showing (S) means the data was suppressed for privacy so that the data does not in any way identify any specific individuals.

Since we have data from the previous census in 2000, we can also compare the values to see how the popularity of Abascal has changed in the 10 years between the two census surveys.

2010 2000 Change (%)
White 11.33% 18.16% -46.32%
Black (S)% (S)% (S)%
Asian and Pacific Islander (S)% (S)% (S)%
American Indian and Alaskan Native 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Two or More Races (S)% (S)% (S)%
Hispanic 87.30% 79.82% 8.95%

Data source

The last name data and ethnic breakdown of last names is sourced directly from the Decennial Census survey, conducted every 10 years by the United States Census Bureau.

The history and meaning of the name Abascal was researched and written by our team of onomatology and genealogy experts.

If you have a correction or suggestion to improve the history of Abascal, please contact us.

Reference this page

We spend a lot of resources downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

"Abascal last name popularity, history, and meaning". NameCensus.com. Accessed on July 22, 2024. http://namecensus.com/last-names/abascal-surname-popularity/.

"Abascal last name popularity, history, and meaning". NameCensus.com, http://namecensus.com/last-names/abascal-surname-popularity/. Accessed 22 July, 2024

Abascal last name popularity, history, and meaning. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from http://namecensus.com/last-names/abascal-surname-popularity/.

Search for a name

Search for a first or last name to learn more about its origin, meaning, and more.

Simple as that.