Alabama Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Alabama? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Alabama, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Alabama

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Alabama based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 35223 Jefferson County $228,192.00
2 35213 Jefferson County $205,411.00
3 35458 Tuscaloosa County $165,647.00
4 35242 Jefferson County, Shelby County $144,907.00
5 35763 Madison County $139,698.00
6 35243 Jefferson County, Shelby County $138,139.00
7 35226 Jefferson County $135,765.00
8 35406 Tuscaloosa County $135,126.00
9 36064 Montgomery County $134,167.00
10 36026 Coosa County, Elmore County $128,363.00
11 35173 Jefferson County, St. Clair County $125,914.00
12 36879 Chambers County, Lee County, Tallapoosa County $125,591.00
13 35756 Limestone County, Madison County $125,356.00
14 35741 Madison County $123,818.00
15 35244 Jefferson County, Shelby County $122,605.00
16 36527 Baldwin County $120,998.00
17 35080 Jefferson County, Shelby County $120,459.00
18 35801 Madison County $119,643.00
19 36093 Elmore County $118,246.00
20 35749 Limestone County, Madison County $118,057.00
21 36561 Baldwin County $117,673.00
22 35758 Madison County $116,885.00
23 35054 St. Clair County $115,220.00
24 36532 Baldwin County $115,162.00
25 35824 Madison County $114,894.00
26 35748 Jackson County, Madison County $113,734.00
27 35808 Madison County $113,125.00
28 35114 Shelby County $112,628.00
29 35757 Limestone County, Madison County $109,438.00
30 36555 Baldwin County $109,287.00
31 35209 Jefferson County $108,717.00
32 35124 Shelby County $107,357.00
33 35747 Marshall County $107,246.00
34 35803 Madison County $106,437.00
35 35216 Jefferson County, Shelby County $106,043.00
36 36042 Butler County, Crenshaw County $105,699.00
37 35043 Shelby County $104,693.00
38 36374 Barbour County, Dale County $104,672.00
39 35186 Shelby County $104,644.00
40 36115 Montgomery County $102,975.00
41 35759 Madison County $102,898.00
42 35613 Limestone County $102,134.00
43 35147 Shelby County $102,028.00
44 35811 Madison County $101,854.00
45 35475 Tuscaloosa County $101,732.00
46 36113 Montgomery County $101,660.00
47 35802 Madison County $101,654.00
48 35222 Jefferson County $101,609.00
49 36305 Geneva County, Houston County $101,254.00
50 35621 Cullman County, Morgan County $100,947.00
51 36029 Bullock County, Macon County $100,270.00
52 36572 Mobile County $99,322.00
53 35053 Cullman County, Winston County $98,884.00
54 36052 Bullock County, Montgomery County $98,459.00
55 35651 Lawrence County $97,794.00
56 36528 Mobile County $97,742.00
57 35754 Marshall County, Morgan County $96,803.00
58 35761 Madison County $96,785.00
59 36861 Tallapoosa County $96,134.00
60 35091 Jefferson County $94,318.00
61 36830 Lee County, Macon County $93,300.00
62 36117 Montgomery County $93,084.00
63 35117 Jefferson County $93,057.00
64 35143 Shelby County $92,663.00
65 36111 Montgomery County $92,201.00
66 35645 Lauderdale County $91,789.00
67 36578 Baldwin County $91,581.00
68 35007 Shelby County $91,268.00
69 36066 Autauga County, Elmore County $91,024.00
70 35474 Hale County, Tuscaloosa County $90,655.00
71 36526 Baldwin County $90,257.00
72 35634 Lauderdale County $89,801.00
73 36549 Baldwin County $89,785.00
74 36583 Washington County $89,230.00
75 36576 Baldwin County $88,891.00
76 35907 Etowah County $88,429.00
77 36043 Lowndes County, Montgomery County $88,277.00
78 36106 Montgomery County $88,120.00
79 35071 Jefferson County $88,014.00
80 35603 Lawrence County, Morgan County $87,983.00
81 35773 Limestone County, Madison County $87,707.00
82 36080 Coosa County, Elmore County $87,082.00
83 36856 Russell County $86,919.00
84 36695 Mobile County $86,792.00
85 35116 Jefferson County $86,519.00
86 36852 Chambers County, Lee County $86,462.00
87 36693 Mobile County $86,320.00
88 35806 Madison County $85,804.00
89 36571 Mobile County $85,579.00
90 36279 Calhoun County $85,578.00
91 35111 Bibb County, Jefferson County, Tuscaloosa County $85,181.00
92 36345 Dale County, Henry County, Houston County $85,125.00
93 35480 Greene County, Tuscaloosa County $85,088.00
94 35128 St. Clair County $84,847.00
95 36250 Calhoun County $84,206.00
96 36793 Bibb County, Chilton County, Perry County $83,824.00
97 36022 Autauga County, Elmore County $83,623.00
98 35127 Jefferson County $83,388.00
99 35079 Blount County, Jefferson County $83,367.00
100 35974 DeKalb County $82,614.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Alabama.

Richest Cities in Alabama

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Alabama. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Alabama by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Mountain Brook Jefferson County $249,818.00
2 Indian Springs Village Shelby County $182,678.00
3 Vestavia Hills Jefferson County, Shelby County $157,567.00
4 Pike Road Montgomery County $135,654.00
5 Homewood Jefferson County $132,114.00
6 Trussville Jefferson County, St. Clair County $130,004.00
7 Madison Limestone County, Madison County $123,831.00
8 Hoover Jefferson County, Shelby County $122,886.00
9 Fairhope Baldwin County $116,948.00
10 Helena Jefferson County, Shelby County $115,398.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Alabama.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Alabama is $52,035.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Alabama.

  • Under 25
    $27,050.00
  • 25 to 44
    $59,945.00
  • 45 to 64
    $66,253.00
  • 65 and over
    $42,673.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Alabama?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Alabama is $71,964.00.

5.15% of households in Alabama are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Alabama but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Alabama

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Alabama easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    23.08%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    22.98%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    17.26%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    12.09%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    13.83%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    5.60%
  • $200,000 or more
    5.15%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Alabama. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Alabama by the total number of people in Alabama.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Alabama and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Alabama is $28,934.00.

Population in Alabama by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Alabama is currently 4,893,186 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Alabama can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Alabama.

  • 64.90% White
    3,241,003
  • 26.30% Black/African American
    1,316,314
  • 0.30% Native
    17,417
  • 4.50% Hispanic
    224,659
  • 1.40% Asian
    69,331
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    1,594
  • 2.30% Two or more races
    114,853
  • 0.30% Other
    12,504

Population of Alabama by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Alabama is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 306,437 291,009
10 to 19 Years 334,971 324,555
20 to 29 Years 328,747 329,588
30 to 39 Years 303,679 321,929
40 to 49 Years 302,843 315,860
50 to 59 Years 320,854 337,043
60 to 69 Years 292,189 326,457
70 Years and over 239,983 321,531

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Alabama.

  • Master's degree or higher
    12.82%
  • Bachelor's degree
    28.78%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    10.93%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    44.14%
  • Less than high school diploma
    3.33%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Alabama because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Alabama look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Alabama that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Alabama that are over the age of 16 is 4,005,499 people.

The unemployment rate in Alabama is 42.20%, which means 1,691,883 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Alabama

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Alabama. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Alabama is 39.3 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Alabama

39.3

Total

38

Male

40.5

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 1,902,983 households in Alabama, and the average household size is 2.57 people.

For families, the total number is 1,239,981, and the average family size is 3.22 people.

11.40% of those families in Alabama are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Alabama in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Alabama for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 895,003 80,567 264,411 663,002
Average Household Size 3.18 3.51 3.6 1.21
Total Families 895,003 80,567 264,411 0
Average Household Size 3.16 3.14 3.44 0

Housing Data in Alabama

There are total of 2,278,526 housing units in Alabama. Of those units, 1,902,983 (83.52%) are occupied, and 375,543 (16.48%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 2,278,526 housing units in Alabama, 523,235 (22.96%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $852.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 57.96% of housing units, with 1,320,571 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Alabama.

  • No rent paid
    59,177
  • Less than $500
    75,141
  • $500 to $999
    269,859
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    138,800
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    29,111
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    6,419
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    1,517
  • $3,000 or more
    2,388

Property Values

The median value of a property in Alabama is $157,100.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Alabama.

  • Less than $50,000
    156,996
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    241,773
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    224,781
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    217,564
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    244,721
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    164,402
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    58,805
  • $1,000,000 or more
    11,529

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Alabama.

  • 1939 or earlier
    111,938
  • 1940 to 1949
    84,483
  • 1950 to 1959
    182,661
  • 1960 to 1969
    253,607
  • 1970 to 1979
    359,601
  • 1980 to 1989
    330,245
  • 1990 to 1999
    402,677
  • 2000 to 2009
    352,902
  • 2010 to 2013
    196,467
  • 2014 or later
    3,945

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Alabama has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    106,649
  • 1 vehicle available
    600,212
  • 2 vehicles available
    698,060
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    498,062

Commuting to Work in Alabama

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Alabama, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 25.2 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Alabama.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    52,763
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    196,500
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    275,546
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    341,135
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    314,986
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    134,254
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    287,952
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    62,366
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    62,831
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    158,436
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    96,697
  • 90 or more minutes
    42,485

We can also look at the means of transport in Alabama to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    1,798,537
  • Carpooled
    177,167
  • Public transportation
    7,097
  • Walked
    23,088
  • Other means
    20,062
  • Worked from home
    120,723

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Alabama.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Alabama.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Alabama Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 8, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/alabama/.

  • "Alabama Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/alabama/. Accessed 8 February, 2023

  • Alabama Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/alabama/.