United States Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for the United States? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

You can choose a state from the map below or select from the list. We have over 190 data points covering income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation in the United States.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Demographics by State

Richest Zip Codes in the United States

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in the United States based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 94027 San Mateo County $539,992.00
2 33109 Miami-Dade County $508,208.00
3 11765 Nassau County $462,998.00
4 10007 New York County $444,574.00
5 10282 New York County $442,237.00
6 7078 Essex County $434,908.00
7 6820 Fairfield County $424,355.00
8 11568 Nassau County $416,676.00
9 20129 Loudoun County $410,171.00
10 19035 Montgomery County $407,517.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in the United States.

Richest Cities in the United States

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in the United States. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in the United States by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Brookville Nassau County $617,173.00
2 Tuxedo Park Orange County $597,528.00
3 Atherton San Mateo County $539,944.00
4 Scarsdale Westchester County $516,371.00
5 Hillsborough San Mateo County $510,494.00
6 Gulf Stream Palm Beach County $496,308.00
7 Chevy Chase Village Montgomery County $489,515.00
8 Martin's Additions Montgomery County $487,510.00
9 Glenview Jefferson County $486,494.00
10 Hunters Creek Village Harris County $477,852.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in the United States.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in the United States is $64,994.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in the United States.

  • Under 25
    $37,180.00
  • 25 to 44
    $76,311.00
  • 45 to 64
    $83,172.00
  • 65 and over
    $50,523.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in the United States?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in the United States is $91,547.00.

9.46% of households in the United States are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for the United States but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for the United States

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for the United States easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    17.18%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    19.60%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    16.81%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    12.82%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    16.32%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    7.82%
  • $200,000 or more
    9.46%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in the United States. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in the United States by the total number of people in the United States.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in the United States and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in the United States is $35,384.00.

Population in the United States by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in the United States is currently 326,569,308 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in the United States can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in the United States.

  • 59.40% White
    196,010,370
  • 12.20% Black/African American
    40,196,302
  • 0.60% Native
    1,936,842
  • 18.40% Hispanic
    60,806,969
  • 5.60% Asian
    18,554,697
  • 0.20% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    555,712
  • 3.20% Two or more races
    10,456,322
  • 0.40% Other
    1,208,267

Population of the United States by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for the United States is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 20,294,568 19,375,691
10 to 19 Years 22,177,558 21,150,922
20 to 29 Years 22,610,827 21,817,926
30 to 39 Years 22,400,623 22,026,281
40 to 49 Years 20,565,395 20,538,385
50 to 59 Years 21,257,467 21,720,740
60 to 69 Years 18,514,229 20,020,570
70 Years and over 15,385,948 19,868,351

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in the United States.

  • Master's degree or higher
    15.40%
  • Bachelor's degree
    33.93%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    10.42%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    37.16%
  • Less than high school diploma
    3.09%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for the United States because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in the United States look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in the United States that are over the age of 16.

The current population in the United States that are over the age of 16 is 264,087,642 people.

The unemployment rate in the United States is 36.40%, which means 96,218,516 people are unemployed.

Median Age in the United States

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in the United States. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in the United States is 38.4 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in the United States

38.4

Total

37.3

Male

39.5

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 124,010,992 households in the United States, and the average household size is 2.6 people.

For families, the total number is 80,755,759, and the average family size is 3.2 people.

8.90% of those families in the United States are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for the United States in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in the United States for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 59,331,185 6,151,295 15,273,279 43,255,233
Average Household Size 3.26 3.36 3.45 1.28
Total Families 59,331,185 6,151,295 15,273,279 0
Average Household Size 3.23 2.95 3.23 0

Housing Data in the United States

There are total of 139,647,020 housing units in the United States. Of those units, 124,010,992 (88.80%) are occupied, and 15,636,028 (11.20%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 139,647,020 housing units in the United States, 41,729,931 (29.88%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,163.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 57.40% of housing units, with 80,152,161 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in the United States.

  • No rent paid
    2,128,900
  • Less than $500
    3,363,941
  • $500 to $999
    12,713,367
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    12,853,602
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    6,999,395
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    3,063,749
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    1,287,657
  • $3,000 or more
    1,448,220

Property Values

The median value of a property in the United States is $244,900.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in the United States.

  • Less than $50,000
    5,009,191
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    7,945,627
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    9,029,536
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    10,384,287
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    16,082,523
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    17,514,271
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    10,929,818
  • $1,000,000 or more
    3,256,908

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in the United States.

  • 1939 or earlier
    17,104,646
  • 1940 to 1949
    6,584,726
  • 1950 to 1959
    14,008,416
  • 1960 to 1969
    14,433,420
  • 1970 to 1979
    20,706,671
  • 1980 to 1989
    18,494,657
  • 1990 to 1999
    18,930,786
  • 2000 to 2009
    18,958,193
  • 2010 to 2013
    10,164,107
  • 2014 or later
    261,398

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in the United States has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    10,349,174
  • 1 vehicle available
    40,256,973
  • 2 vehicles available
    45,965,660
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    27,439,185

Commuting to Work in the United States

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of the United States, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 26.8 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of the United States.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    4,026,613
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    13,338,824
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    18,548,783
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    21,368,336
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    20,112,989
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    9,337,047
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    19,260,931
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    4,405,536
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    5,572,146
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    11,551,905
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    8,702,733
  • 90 or more minutes
    3,997,428

We can also look at the means of transport in the United States to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    113,724,271
  • Carpooled
    13,340,838
  • Public transportation
    6,472,373
  • Walked
    3,849,557
  • Other means
    2,836,232
  • Worked from home
    15,061,684

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in the United States.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for the United States.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "United States Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on January 30, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/.

  • "United States Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/. Accessed 30 January, 2023

  • United States Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/.