United States Population and Demographics
Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for the United States? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!
You can choose a state from the map below or select from the list. We have over 190 data points covering income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation in the United States.
The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.
- Demographics by State
- Richest Zip Codes
- Richest Cities
- Median Income
- Average Income
- Income Tiers
- Per Capita Income
- Population by Race
- Population by Age
- Education Levels
- Unemployment Rates
- Median Age
- Households and Families
Demographics by State
- District of Columbia
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Puerto Rico
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
Richest Zip Codes in the United States
In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in the United States based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.
If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.
|Rank||ZIP Code||County||Mean Income|
|1||94027||San Mateo County||$539,992.00|
|4||10007||New York County||$444,574.00|
|5||10282||New York County||$442,237.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in the United States.
Richest Cities in the United States
We can also find the same information for the richest cities in the United States. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in the United States by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.
|2||Tuxedo Park||Orange County||$597,528.00|
|3||Atherton||San Mateo County||$539,944.00|
|5||Hillsborough||San Mateo County||$510,494.00|
|6||Gulf Stream||Palm Beach County||$496,308.00|
|7||Chevy Chase Village||Montgomery County||$489,515.00|
|8||Martin's Additions||Montgomery County||$487,510.00|
|10||Hunters Creek Village||Harris County||$477,852.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in the United States.
Median Household Income
According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2021, the median household income in the United States is $69,021.00.
The chart below shows the average household income by age in the United States.
25 to 44$76,311.00
45 to 64$83,172.00
65 and over$50,523.00
Average Household Income
A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in the United States?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.
The average (or mean) household income in the United States is $97,196.00.
9.46% of households in the United States are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).
The difference between a median and an average income
The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.
Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for the United States but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.
Household Income Tiers for the United States
We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.
The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for the United States easier to view.
You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.
Less than $24,99917.18%
$25,000 to $49,99919.60%
$50,000 to $74,99916.81%
$75,000 to $99,99912.82%
$100,000 to $149,99916.32%
$150,000 to $199,9997.82%
$200,000 or more9.46%
Per Capita Income
The per capita income is the average income of all people in the United States. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in the United States by the total number of people in the United States.
It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in the United States and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).
The per capita income in the United States is $37,638.00.
Population in the United States by Race and Ethnicity
The total population in the United States is currently 329,725,481 people.
The race and ethnicity of the population in the United States can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.
Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.
The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in the United States.
12.20% Black/African American40,196,302
0.20% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander555,712
3.20% Two or more races10,456,322
Population of the United States by Age and Gender
Another very important demographics statistic for the United States is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.
In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.
|0 to 9 Years||20,294,568||19,375,691|
|10 to 19 Years||22,177,558||21,150,922|
|20 to 29 Years||22,610,827||21,817,926|
|30 to 39 Years||22,400,623||22,026,281|
|40 to 49 Years||20,565,395||20,538,385|
|50 to 59 Years||21,257,467||21,720,740|
|60 to 69 Years||18,514,229||20,020,570|
|70 Years and over||15,385,948||19,868,351|
Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.
What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.
The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in the United States.
Master's degree or higher15.40%
Some college or associate's degree10.42%
High school diploma or equivalent37.16%
Less than high school diploma3.09%
The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for the United States because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.
Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in the United States look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.
The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in the United States that are over the age of 16.
The current population in the United States that are over the age of 16 is 264,087,642 people.
The unemployment rate in the United States is 5.50%, which means 96,218,516 people are unemployed.
Median Age in the United States
The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in the United States. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.
For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.
An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.
The median age in the United States is 38.4 years old.
We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:
Median age by gender in the United States
Households and Families
There are a total of 124,010,992 households in the United States, and the average household size is 2.6 people.
For families, the total number is 80,755,759, and the average family size is 3.2 people.
8.90% of those families in the United States are living below the poverty line.
The table below shows the poverty thresholds for the United States in 2022.
|Household Size||Poverty Threshold|
Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2021.
Households and Families by Marital Status
There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:
- Male householder, no spouse present
- Female householder, no spouse present
- Nonfamily household
In the table below, you can see the total households and families in the United States for each type, as well as the average sizes.
|Average Household Size||3.26||3.36||3.45||1.28|
|Average Household Size||3.23||2.95||3.23||0|
Housing Data in the United States
There are total of 139,647,020 housing units in the United States. Of those units, 124,010,992 (88.80%) are occupied, and 15,636,028 (11.20%) are vacant.
Of the 139,647,020 housing units in the United States, 41,729,931 (29.88%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,163.00.
Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 57.40% of housing units, with 80,152,161 housing units in total.
The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in the United States.
No rent paid2,128,900
Less than $5003,363,941
$500 to $99912,713,367
$1,000 to $1,49912,853,602
$1,500 to $1,9996,999,395
$2,000 to $2,4993,063,749
$2,500 to $2,9991,287,657
$3,000 or more1,448,220
The median value of a property in the United States is $244,900.00.
The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in the United States.
Less than $50,0005,009,191
$50,000 to $99,9997,945,627
$100,000 to $149,9999,029,536
$150,000 to $199,99910,384,287
$200,000 to $299,99916,082,523
$300,000 to $499,99917,514,271
$500,000 to $999,99910,929,818
$1,000,000 or more3,256,908
We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in the United States.
1939 or earlier17,104,646
1940 to 19496,584,726
1950 to 195914,008,416
1960 to 196914,433,420
1970 to 197920,706,671
1980 to 198918,494,657
1990 to 199918,930,786
2000 to 200918,958,193
2010 to 201310,164,107
2014 or later261,398
Vehicles Available per Household
Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in the United States has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.
No vehicles available10,349,174
1 vehicle available40,256,973
2 vehicles available45,965,660
3 or more vehicles available27,439,185
Commuting to Work in the United States
The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.
Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?
Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of the United States, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.
The average travel time is 26.8 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of the United States.
Less than 5 minutes4,026,613
5 to 9 minutes13,338,824
10 to 14 minutes18,548,783
15 to 19 minutes21,368,336
20 to 24 minutes20,112,989
25 to 29 minutes9,337,047
30 to 34 minutes19,260,931
35 to 39 minutes4,405,536
40 to 44 minutes5,572,146
45 to 59 minutes11,551,905
60 to 89 minutes8,702,733
90 or more minutes3,997,428
We can also look at the means of transport in the United States to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.
Worked from home15,061,684
Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in the United States.
If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for the United States.
Link To or Reference This Page
We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.
If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!
"United States Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on December 7, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/.
"United States Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/. Accessed 7 December, 2023
United States Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/.