District of Columbia Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for District of Columbia? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for District of Columbia, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in District of Columbia

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in District of Columbia based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 20015 District of Columbia $266,957.00
2 20016 District of Columbia $258,328.00
3 20007 District of Columbia $229,167.00
4 20008 District of Columbia $184,640.00
5 20004 District of Columbia $184,260.00
6 20003 District of Columbia $175,248.00
7 20009 District of Columbia $166,357.00
8 20001 District of Columbia $153,731.00
9 20005 District of Columbia $147,577.00
10 20010 District of Columbia $140,362.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in District of Columbia.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in District of Columbia is $90,842.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in District of Columbia.

  • Under 25
    $46,853.00
  • 25 to 44
    $109,135.00
  • 45 to 64
    $97,226.00
  • 65 and over
    $64,232.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in District of Columbia?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in District of Columbia is $133,587.00.

21.08% of households in District of Columbia are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for District of Columbia but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for District of Columbia

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for District of Columbia easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    16.98%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    12.31%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    12.24%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    11.29%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    15.89%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    10.21%
  • $200,000 or more
    21.08%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in District of Columbia. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in District of Columbia by the total number of people in District of Columbia.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in District of Columbia and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in District of Columbia is $58,659.00.

Population in District of Columbia by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in District of Columbia is currently 701,974 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in District of Columbia can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in District of Columbia.

  • 36.70% White
    250,396
  • 43.90% Black/African American
    299,716
  • 0.10% Native
    1,003
  • 11.30% Hispanic
    76,982
  • 4.00% Asian
    27,522
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    297
  • 3.50% Two or more races
    23,632
  • 0.50% Other
    3,606

Population of District of Columbia by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for District of Columbia is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 39,225 38,802
10 to 19 Years 33,483 34,607
20 to 29 Years 57,747 68,921
30 to 39 Years 67,553 71,655
40 to 49 Years 41,725 41,953
50 to 59 Years 36,505 34,560
60 to 69 Years 26,739 33,404
70 Years and over 22,513 33,762

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in District of Columbia.

  • Master's degree or higher
    33.72%
  • Bachelor's degree
    39.22%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    5.17%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    20.04%
  • Less than high school diploma
    1.85%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for District of Columbia because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in District of Columbia look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in District of Columbia that are over the age of 16.

The current population in District of Columbia that are over the age of 16 is 568,405 people.

The unemployment rate in District of Columbia is 28.60%, which means 162,754 people are unemployed.

Median Age in District of Columbia

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in District of Columbia. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in District of Columbia is 34.3 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in District of Columbia

34.3

Total

34.3

Male

34.4

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 310,104 households in District of Columbia, and the average household size is 2.08 people.

For families, the total number is 131,196, and the average family size is 3.07 people.

11.60% of those families in District of Columbia are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for District of Columbia in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in District of Columbia for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 79,950 10,956 40,290 178,908
Average Household Size 3.01 2.88 3.53 1.29
Total Families 79,950 10,956 40,290 0
Average Household Size 2.96 2.64 3.4 0

Housing Data in District of Columbia

There are total of 344,306 housing units in District of Columbia. Of those units, 310,104 (90.07%) are occupied, and 34,202 (9.93%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 344,306 housing units in District of Columbia, 177,555 (51.57%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,681.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 37.39% of housing units, with 128,720 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in District of Columbia.

  • No rent paid
    3,829
  • Less than $500
    16,392
  • $500 to $999
    18,428
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    39,547
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    39,794
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    26,911
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    16,339
  • $3,000 or more
    20,144

Property Values

The median value of a property in District of Columbia is $635,900.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in District of Columbia.

  • Less than $50,000
    1,526
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    818
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    1,298
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    1,523
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    9,612
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    32,263
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    54,156
  • $1,000,000 or more
    27,524

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in District of Columbia.

  • 1939 or earlier
    113,235
  • 1940 to 1949
    37,350
  • 1950 to 1959
    41,643
  • 1960 to 1969
    38,349
  • 1970 to 1979
    23,368
  • 1980 to 1989
    16,104
  • 1990 to 1999
    10,832
  • 2000 to 2009
    27,352
  • 2010 to 2013
    35,399
  • 2014 or later
    674

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in District of Columbia has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    110,823
  • 1 vehicle available
    140,081
  • 2 vehicles available
    47,341
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    11,859

Commuting to Work in District of Columbia

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of District of Columbia, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 30.4 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of District of Columbia.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    3,626
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    12,082
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    22,069
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    34,554
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    43,447
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    22,820
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    60,341
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    16,345
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    21,842
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    34,521
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    19,500
  • 90 or more minutes
    6,300

We can also look at the means of transport in District of Columbia to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    113,998
  • Carpooled
    17,331
  • Public transportation
    100,595
  • Walked
    41,960
  • Other means
    23,563
  • Worked from home
    73,567

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in District of Columbia.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for District of Columbia.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "District of Columbia Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 8, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/district-of-columbia/.

  • "District of Columbia Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/district-of-columbia/. Accessed 8 February, 2023

  • District of Columbia Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/district-of-columbia/.