Massachusetts Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Massachusetts? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Massachusetts, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Massachusetts

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Massachusetts based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 2030 Norfolk County $402,814.00
2 2481 Norfolk County $361,264.00
3 2468 Middlesex County $347,231.00
4 2493 Middlesex County $334,047.00
5 2110 Suffolk County $313,727.00
6 2420 Middlesex County $289,659.00
7 2482 Norfolk County $283,529.00
8 1773 Middlesex County $281,208.00
9 2108 Suffolk County $279,374.00
10 1770 Middlesex County $274,072.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Massachusetts.

Richest Cities in Massachusetts

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Massachusetts. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Massachusetts by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Dover Norfolk County $402,814.00
2 Weston Middlesex County $334,047.00
3 Wellesley Norfolk County $325,522.00
4 Sherborn Middlesex County $274,072.00
5 Lexington Middlesex County $265,000.00
6 Carlisle Middlesex County $264,092.00
7 Sudbury Middlesex County $260,883.00
8 Medfield Norfolk County $257,062.00
9 Winchester Middlesex County $252,976.00
10 Wayland Middlesex County $250,445.00
11 Lincoln Middlesex County $248,639.00
12 Needham Norfolk County $244,766.00
13 Cohasset Norfolk County $243,816.00
14 Boxford Essex County $241,573.00
15 Hopkinton Middlesex County $241,152.00
16 Concord Middlesex County $237,621.00
17 Hingham Plymouth County $234,975.00
18 Southborough Worcester County $234,687.00
19 Westwood Norfolk County $223,098.00
20 Manchester-by-the-Sea Essex County $216,682.00
21 Harvard Worcester County $213,789.00
22 Belmont Middlesex County $209,734.00
23 Marblehead Essex County $205,561.00
24 Norwell Plymouth County $205,461.00
25 Aquinnah Dukes County $204,530.00
26 Sharon Norfolk County $203,392.00
27 Northborough Worcester County $203,358.00
28 Andover Essex County $199,008.00
29 Bolton Worcester County $198,846.00
30 Milton Norfolk County $195,359.00
31 West Newbury Essex County $193,951.00
32 Brookline Norfolk County $193,772.00
33 Norfolk Norfolk County $193,207.00
34 Bedford Middlesex County $191,102.00
35 Newbury Essex County $191,007.00
36 Lynnfield Essex County $190,557.00
37 Groton Middlesex County $190,280.00
38 Scituate Plymouth County $189,326.00
39 Wenham Essex County $189,317.00
40 Middleton Essex County $187,368.00
41 Dunstable Middlesex County $186,363.00
42 West Tisbury Dukes County $186,123.00
43 Duxbury Plymouth County $185,109.00
44 Hanover Plymouth County $183,148.00
45 Medway Norfolk County $179,895.00
46 Holliston Middlesex County $178,837.00
47 Westford Middlesex County $178,784.00
48 Acton Middlesex County $175,942.00
49 Longmeadow Hampden County $173,881.00
50 Boxborough Middlesex County $171,491.00
51 North Reading Middlesex County $171,431.00
52 Chilmark Dukes County $169,936.00
53 Stow Middlesex County $168,973.00
54 Littleton Middlesex County $168,648.00
55 Upton Worcester County $167,859.00
56 Wrentham Norfolk County $166,586.00
57 Wilmington Middlesex County $166,442.00
58 Princeton Worcester County $166,029.00
59 Topsfield Essex County $166,015.00
60 Monterey Berkshire County $165,943.00
61 Ipswich Essex County $165,120.00
62 Walpole Norfolk County $164,908.00
63 North Andover Essex County $163,568.00
64 Reading Middlesex County $163,383.00
65 Arlington Middlesex County $162,831.00
66 Rowley Essex County $161,037.00
67 Marion Plymouth County $160,763.00
68 Natick Middlesex County $160,703.00
69 Westborough Worcester County $158,295.00
70 Boylston Worcester County $156,494.00
71 Swampscott Essex County $156,263.00
72 Whately Franklin County $155,995.00
73 Canton Norfolk County $155,480.00
74 Burlington Middlesex County $154,294.00
75 Mendon Worcester County $153,901.00
76 Sutton Worcester County $153,346.00
77 Tyngsborough Middlesex County $153,342.00
78 Nantucket Nantucket County $153,166.00
79 Mattapoisett Plymouth County $149,637.00
80 Paxton Worcester County $149,502.00
81 Mansfield Bristol County $149,359.00
82 Easton Bristol County $148,673.00
83 Tyringham Berkshire County $148,564.00
84 Hamilton Essex County $148,208.00
85 George Essex County $146,698.00
86 Nahant Essex County $146,373.00
87 Wilbraham Hampden County $146,216.00
88 Shrewsbury Worcester County $145,572.00
89 Ashland Middlesex County $145,424.00
90 Sterling Worcester County $145,346.00
91 Oak Bluffs Dukes County $145,208.00
92 Hull Plymouth County $144,996.00
93 Foxborough Norfolk County $144,638.00
94 Douglas Worcester County $144,425.00
95 East Bridgewater Plymouth County $143,320.00
96 Sheffield Berkshire County $143,265.00
97 Millis Norfolk County $142,969.00
98 Wakefield Middlesex County $142,546.00
99 Pembroke Plymouth County $142,495.00
100 Essex Essex County $142,344.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Massachusetts.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Massachusetts is $84,385.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Massachusetts.

  • Under 25
    $47,171.00
  • 25 to 44
    $101,601.00
  • 45 to 64
    $109,641.00
  • 65 and over
    $56,483.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Massachusetts?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Massachusetts is $115,964.00.

16.30% of households in Massachusetts are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Massachusetts but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Massachusetts

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Massachusetts easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    15.17%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    14.53%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    13.48%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    11.65%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    17.81%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    11.05%
  • $200,000 or more
    16.30%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Massachusetts. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Massachusetts by the total number of people in Massachusetts.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Massachusetts and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Massachusetts is $45,555.00.

Population in Massachusetts by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Massachusetts is currently 6,873,003 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Massachusetts can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Massachusetts.

  • 69.70% White
    4,871,674
  • 6.70% Black/African American
    467,943
  • 0.10% Native
    7,977
  • 12.40% Hispanic
    864,202
  • 6.80% Asian
    477,667
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    1,910
  • 3.40% Two or more races
    234,639
  • 0.90% Other
    65,840

Population of Massachusetts by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Massachusetts is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 373,113 356,667
10 to 19 Years 442,698 429,851
20 to 29 Years 492,041 492,818
30 to 39 Years 469,938 475,489
40 to 49 Years 423,100 436,155
50 to 59 Years 481,121 499,326
60 to 69 Years 403,986 440,841
70 Years and over 327,177 447,531

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Massachusetts.

  • Master's degree or higher
    21.69%
  • Bachelor's degree
    37.63%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    7.54%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    30.91%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.23%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Massachusetts because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Massachusetts look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Massachusetts that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Massachusetts that are over the age of 16 is 5,773,906 people.

The unemployment rate in Massachusetts is 32.80%, which means 1,891,422 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Massachusetts

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Massachusetts. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Massachusetts is 39.6 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Massachusetts

39.6

Total

38.4

Male

40.8

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 2,714,448 households in Massachusetts, and the average household size is 2.48 people.

For families, the total number is 1,711,692, and the average family size is 3.08 people.

6.60% of those families in Massachusetts are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Massachusetts in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Massachusetts for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,268,605 120,511 322,576 1,002,756
Average Household Size 3.18 3.09 3.16 1.32
Total Families 1,268,605 120,511 322,576 0
Average Household Size 3.15 2.73 2.95 0

Housing Data in Massachusetts

There are total of 2,979,634 housing units in Massachusetts. Of those units, 2,714,448 (91.10%) are occupied, and 265,186 (8.90%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 2,979,634 housing units in Massachusetts, 984,954 (33.06%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,429.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 56.87% of housing units, with 1,694,407 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Massachusetts.

  • No rent paid
    35,087
  • Less than $500
    120,103
  • $500 to $999
    166,613
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    239,372
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    209,156
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    125,631
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    61,058
  • $3,000 or more
    63,021

Property Values

The median value of a property in Massachusetts is $424,700.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Massachusetts.

  • Less than $50,000
    28,024
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    19,484
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    42,939
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    90,401
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    275,404
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    592,224
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    523,243
  • $1,000,000 or more
    122,688

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Massachusetts.

  • 1939 or earlier
    938,618
  • 1940 to 1949
    159,144
  • 1950 to 1959
    334,668
  • 1960 to 1969
    302,393
  • 1970 to 1979
    337,727
  • 1980 to 1989
    321,161
  • 1990 to 1999
    231,602
  • 2000 to 2009
    211,087
  • 2010 to 2013
    139,912
  • 2014 or later
    3,322

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Massachusetts has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    327,649
  • 1 vehicle available
    955,794
  • 2 vehicles available
    977,843
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    453,162

Commuting to Work in Massachusetts

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Massachusetts, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 29.6 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Massachusetts.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    74,567
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    259,121
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    377,626
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    418,030
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    399,797
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    195,212
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    443,497
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    115,636
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    156,457
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    333,120
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    287,549
  • 90 or more minutes
    103,783

We can also look at the means of transport in Massachusetts to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    2,370,510
  • Carpooled
    252,227
  • Public transportation
    300,001
  • Walked
    163,881
  • Other means
    77,776
  • Worked from home
    427,203

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Massachusetts.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Massachusetts.

Link To or Reference This Page

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If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Massachusetts Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/massachusetts/.

  • "Massachusetts Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/massachusetts/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • Massachusetts Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/massachusetts/.