Massachusetts Population and Demographics
Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Massachusetts? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!
In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Massachusetts, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.
The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.
Richest Zip Codes in Massachusetts
In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Massachusetts based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.
If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.
|Rank||ZIP Code||County||Mean Income|
To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Massachusetts.
Richest Cities in Massachusetts
We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Massachusetts. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Massachusetts by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.
|31||West Newbury||Essex County||$193,951.00|
|42||West Tisbury||Dukes County||$186,123.00|
|51||North Reading||Middlesex County||$171,431.00|
|63||North Andover||Essex County||$163,568.00|
|91||Oak Bluffs||Dukes County||$145,208.00|
|95||East Bridgewater||Plymouth County||$143,320.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Massachusetts.
Median Household Income
According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Massachusetts is $84,385.00.
The chart below shows the average household income by age in Massachusetts.
25 to 44$101,601.00
45 to 64$109,641.00
65 and over$56,483.00
Average Household Income
A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Massachusetts?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.
The average (or mean) household income in Massachusetts is $115,964.00.
16.30% of households in Massachusetts are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).
The difference between a median and an average income
The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.
Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Massachusetts but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.
Household Income Tiers for Massachusetts
We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.
The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Massachusetts easier to view.
You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.
Less than $24,99915.17%
$25,000 to $49,99914.53%
$50,000 to $74,99913.48%
$75,000 to $99,99911.65%
$100,000 to $149,99917.81%
$150,000 to $199,99911.05%
$200,000 or more16.30%
Per Capita Income
The per capita income is the average income of all people in Massachusetts. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Massachusetts by the total number of people in Massachusetts.
It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Massachusetts and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).
The per capita income in Massachusetts is $45,555.00.
Population in Massachusetts by Race and Ethnicity
The total population in Massachusetts is currently 6,873,003 people.
The race and ethnicity of the population in Massachusetts can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.
Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.
The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Massachusetts.
6.70% Black/African American467,943
0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander1,910
3.40% Two or more races234,639
Population of Massachusetts by Age and Gender
Another very important demographics statistic for Massachusetts is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.
In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.
|0 to 9 Years||373,113||356,667|
|10 to 19 Years||442,698||429,851|
|20 to 29 Years||492,041||492,818|
|30 to 39 Years||469,938||475,489|
|40 to 49 Years||423,100||436,155|
|50 to 59 Years||481,121||499,326|
|60 to 69 Years||403,986||440,841|
|70 Years and over||327,177||447,531|
Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.
What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.
The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Massachusetts.
Master's degree or higher21.69%
Some college or associate's degree7.54%
High school diploma or equivalent30.91%
Less than high school diploma2.23%
The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Massachusetts because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.
Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Massachusetts look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.
The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Massachusetts that are over the age of 16.
The current population in Massachusetts that are over the age of 16 is 5,773,906 people.
The unemployment rate in Massachusetts is 32.80%, which means 1,891,422 people are unemployed.
Median Age in Massachusetts
The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Massachusetts. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.
For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.
An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.
The median age in Massachusetts is 39.6 years old.
We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:
Median age by gender in Massachusetts
Households and Families
There are a total of 2,714,448 households in Massachusetts, and the average household size is 2.48 people.
For families, the total number is 1,711,692, and the average family size is 3.08 people.
6.60% of those families in Massachusetts are living below the poverty line.
The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Massachusetts in 2022.
|Household Size||Poverty Threshold|
Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.
Households and Families by Marital Status
There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:
- Male householder, no spouse present
- Female householder, no spouse present
- Nonfamily household
In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Massachusetts for each type, as well as the average sizes.
|Average Household Size||3.18||3.09||3.16||1.32|
|Average Household Size||3.15||2.73||2.95||0|
Housing Data in Massachusetts
There are total of 2,979,634 housing units in Massachusetts. Of those units, 2,714,448 (91.10%) are occupied, and 265,186 (8.90%) are vacant.
Of the 2,979,634 housing units in Massachusetts, 984,954 (33.06%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,429.00.
Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 56.87% of housing units, with 1,694,407 housing units in total.
The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Massachusetts.
No rent paid35,087
Less than $500120,103
$500 to $999166,613
$1,000 to $1,499239,372
$1,500 to $1,999209,156
$2,000 to $2,499125,631
$2,500 to $2,99961,058
$3,000 or more63,021
The median value of a property in Massachusetts is $424,700.00.
The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Massachusetts.
Less than $50,00028,024
$50,000 to $99,99919,484
$100,000 to $149,99942,939
$150,000 to $199,99990,401
$200,000 to $299,999275,404
$300,000 to $499,999592,224
$500,000 to $999,999523,243
$1,000,000 or more122,688
We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Massachusetts.
1939 or earlier938,618
1940 to 1949159,144
1950 to 1959334,668
1960 to 1969302,393
1970 to 1979337,727
1980 to 1989321,161
1990 to 1999231,602
2000 to 2009211,087
2010 to 2013139,912
2014 or later3,322
Vehicles Available per Household
Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Massachusetts has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.
No vehicles available327,649
1 vehicle available955,794
2 vehicles available977,843
3 or more vehicles available453,162
Commuting to Work in Massachusetts
The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.
Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?
Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Massachusetts, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.
The average travel time is 29.6 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Massachusetts.
Less than 5 minutes74,567
5 to 9 minutes259,121
10 to 14 minutes377,626
15 to 19 minutes418,030
20 to 24 minutes399,797
25 to 29 minutes195,212
30 to 34 minutes443,497
35 to 39 minutes115,636
40 to 44 minutes156,457
45 to 59 minutes333,120
60 to 89 minutes287,549
90 or more minutes103,783
We can also look at the means of transport in Massachusetts to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.
Worked from home427,203
Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Massachusetts.
If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Massachusetts.
Link To or Reference This Page
We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.
If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!
"Massachusetts Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/massachusetts/.
"Massachusetts Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/massachusetts/. Accessed 1 February, 2023
Massachusetts Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/massachusetts/.