Tennessee Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Tennessee? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Tennessee, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Tennessee

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Tennessee based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 37350 Hamilton County $251,929.00
2 38139 Shelby County $222,206.00
3 37220 Davidson County $219,007.00
4 37215 Davidson County, Williamson County $207,818.00
5 38120 Shelby County $206,777.00
6 37069 Williamson County $202,861.00
7 37027 Davidson County, Williamson County $198,212.00
8 37205 Davidson County $194,406.00
9 38028 Fayette County, Shelby County $175,668.00
10 37014 Rutherford County, Williamson County $167,468.00
11 37212 Davidson County $162,882.00
12 37204 Davidson County $159,816.00
13 37046 Marshall County, Rutherford County, Williamson County $158,811.00
14 38138 Shelby County $158,452.00
15 37922 Knox County $158,324.00
16 38017 Fayette County, Shelby County $153,687.00
17 37377 Hamilton County, Sequatchie County $150,472.00
18 37934 Knox County $149,191.00
19 37135 Davidson County, Rutherford County, Williamson County $145,151.00
20 37064 Davidson County, Williamson County $144,002.00
21 37067 Williamson County $136,268.00
22 37122 Davidson County, Rutherford County, Wilson County $129,227.00
23 38117 Shelby County $127,455.00
24 37408 Hamilton County $127,250.00
25 37919 Knox County $124,915.00
26 37179 Williamson County $124,640.00
27 37098 Hickman County $120,741.00
28 37037 Rutherford County $119,635.00
29 37201 Davidson County $119,071.00
30 38002 Fayette County, Shelby County $118,567.00
31 37010 Montgomery County, Robertson County $117,276.00
32 37932 Knox County $115,173.00
33 38103 Shelby County $114,404.00
34 37048 Robertson County, Sumner County $113,814.00
35 37221 Davidson County, Williamson County $112,889.00
36 37302 Hamilton County $112,863.00
37 37772 Knox County, Loudon County $111,607.00
38 37375 Franklin County, Marion County $111,595.00
39 38066 Fayette County $110,603.00
40 38119 Shelby County $108,997.00
41 37143 Cheatham County, Davidson County $108,510.00
42 37075 Sumner County $108,174.00
43 37174 Maury County, Williamson County $107,286.00
44 37146 Cheatham County, Robertson County $106,313.00
45 37189 Davidson County $106,245.00
46 37405 Hamilton County, Marion County $105,544.00
47 37029 Dickson County $104,918.00
48 37363 Hamilton County $103,674.00
49 38004 Shelby County, Tipton County $102,583.00
50 37419 Hamilton County, Marion County $102,171.00
51 37138 Davidson County, Wilson County $101,633.00
52 37938 Knox County $101,454.00
53 37686 Sullivan County, Washington County $101,364.00
54 37343 Hamilton County $100,625.00
55 37043 Cheatham County, Montgomery County $99,732.00
56 37206 Davidson County $99,350.00
57 38133 Shelby County $97,841.00
58 37615 Washington County $97,316.00
59 38018 Shelby County $97,268.00
60 37085 Rutherford County, Wilson County $97,204.00
61 37129 Rutherford County $97,169.00
62 37171 Montgomery County $96,956.00
63 37931 Anderson County, Knox County $96,741.00
64 37128 Rutherford County $96,430.00
65 37763 Roane County $96,329.00
66 37828 Anderson County $96,230.00
67 37082 Cheatham County $95,269.00
68 37060 Bedford County, Rutherford County, Williamson County $95,157.00
69 37073 Robertson County $94,831.00
70 37403 Hamilton County $94,806.00
71 37062 Dickson County, Williamson County $94,426.00
72 37777 Blount County $94,425.00
73 37421 Hamilton County $93,935.00
74 37216 Davidson County $93,915.00
75 38135 Shelby County $93,341.00
76 37087 Smith County, Trousdale County, Wilson County $93,224.00
77 37803 Blount County $93,209.00
78 38460 Giles County $92,910.00
79 37127 Rutherford County $92,904.00
80 37031 Sumner County, Trousdale County $92,568.00
81 37032 Cheatham County, Robertson County $92,427.00
82 37066 Sumner County $92,275.00
83 37219 Davidson County $92,159.00
84 37191 Montgomery County $92,062.00
85 37188 Robertson County, Sumner County $91,978.00
86 37080 Cheatham County, Davidson County $91,716.00
87 37183 Bedford County, Coffee County, Moore County $91,480.00
88 37865 Blount County, Sevier County $90,162.00
89 37617 Sullivan County $89,904.00
90 37335 Franklin County, Lincoln County $89,147.00
91 37308 Hamilton County, Meigs County $89,133.00
92 38355 Gibson County, Madison County $89,045.00
93 38125 Shelby County $88,936.00
94 37849 Anderson County, Knox County $88,890.00
95 37153 Bedford County, Rutherford County $88,828.00
96 38060 Fayette County $88,682.00
97 37742 Blount County, Loudon County $88,593.00
98 37049 Robertson County $88,237.00
99 38313 Chester County, Henderson County, Madison County $88,157.00
100 37307 Polk County $88,062.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Tennessee.

Richest Cities in Tennessee

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Tennessee. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Tennessee by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Belle Meade Davidson County $434,848.00
2 Forest Hills Davidson County $324,056.00
3 Oak Hill Davidson County $307,995.00
4 Lookout Mountain Hamilton County $251,929.00
5 District 7 Williamson County $241,814.00
6 District 34 Davidson County $237,868.00
7 Brentwood Williamson County $226,727.00
8 District 6 Williamson County $211,569.00
9 District 9 Williamson County $185,344.00
10 District 23 Davidson County $184,591.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Tennessee.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Tennessee is $54,833.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Tennessee.

  • Under 25
    $36,203.00
  • 25 to 44
    $64,728.00
  • 45 to 64
    $68,865.00
  • 65 and over
    $44,459.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Tennessee?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Tennessee is $76,937.00.

5.96% of households in Tennessee are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Tennessee but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Tennessee

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Tennessee easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    20.12%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    22.99%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    18.21%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    12.76%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    14.28%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    5.68%
  • $200,000 or more
    5.96%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Tennessee. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Tennessee by the total number of people in Tennessee.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Tennessee and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Tennessee is $30,869.00.

Population in Tennessee by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Tennessee is currently 6,772,268 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Tennessee can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Tennessee.

  • 72.90% White
    5,002,855
  • 16.30% Black/African American
    1,120,548
  • 0.20% Native
    10,292
  • 5.80% Hispanic
    395,967
  • 1.80% Asian
    124,495
  • 0.10% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    3,518
  • 2.70% Two or more races
    182,564
  • 0.30% Other
    19,258

Population of Tennessee by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Tennessee is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 421,351 400,142
10 to 19 Years 452,260 433,561
20 to 29 Years 462,726 463,399
30 to 39 Years 443,614 455,298
40 to 49 Years 426,742 431,292
50 to 59 Years 440,704 463,879
60 to 69 Years 394,416 429,972
70 Years and over 320,286 419,855

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Tennessee.

  • Master's degree or higher
    12.63%
  • Bachelor's degree
    30.46%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    10.91%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    43.18%
  • Less than high school diploma
    2.83%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Tennessee because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Tennessee look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Tennessee that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Tennessee that are over the age of 16 is 5,504,783 people.

The unemployment rate in Tennessee is 38.20%, which means 2,105,502 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Tennessee

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Tennessee. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Tennessee is 38.8 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Tennessee

38.8

Total

37.7

Male

39.9

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 2,664,791 households in Tennessee, and the average household size is 2.52 people.

For families, the total number is 1,736,369, and the average family size is 3.1 people.

10.30% of those families in Tennessee are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Tennessee in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Tennessee for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 1,273,881 125,736 336,752 928,422
Average Household Size 3.13 3.3 3.36 1.26
Total Families 1,273,881 125,736 336,752 0
Average Household Size 3.11 2.9 3.17 0

Housing Data in Tennessee

There are total of 3,011,124 housing units in Tennessee. Of those units, 2,664,791 (88.50%) are occupied, and 346,333 (11.50%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 3,011,124 housing units in Tennessee, 817,673 (27.16%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $951.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 59.22% of housing units, with 1,783,274 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Tennessee.

  • No rent paid
    63,844
  • Less than $500
    86,914
  • $500 to $999
    361,300
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    251,760
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    84,797
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    21,831
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    5,899
  • $3,000 or more
    5,172

Property Values

The median value of a property in Tennessee is $193,700.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Tennessee.

  • Less than $50,000
    124,907
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    245,893
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    266,058
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    285,821
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    387,802
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    313,060
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    131,069
  • $1,000,000 or more
    28,664

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Tennessee.

  • 1939 or earlier
    172,555
  • 1940 to 1949
    129,923
  • 1950 to 1959
    257,530
  • 1960 to 1969
    295,948
  • 1970 to 1979
    447,829
  • 1980 to 1989
    411,100
  • 1990 to 1999
    522,516
  • 2000 to 2009
    478,610
  • 2010 to 2013
    285,949
  • 2014 or later
    9,164

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Tennessee has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    142,872
  • 1 vehicle available
    818,168
  • 2 vehicles available
    1,010,108
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    693,643

Commuting to Work in Tennessee

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Tennessee, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 25.5 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Tennessee.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    73,671
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    265,263
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    378,641
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    478,444
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    452,565
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    210,354
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    409,806
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    95,171
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    103,994
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    236,700
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    143,173
  • 90 or more minutes
    54,763

We can also look at the means of transport in Tennessee to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    2,539,900
  • Carpooled
    268,938
  • Public transportation
    17,073
  • Walked
    38,772
  • Other means
    37,862
  • Worked from home
    253,433

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Tennessee.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Tennessee.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Tennessee Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on February 1, 2023. https://namecensus.com/demographics/tennessee/.

  • "Tennessee Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/tennessee/. Accessed 1 February, 2023

  • Tennessee Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/tennessee/.