85042 Zip Code Income, Population and Demographics
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In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for 85042, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.
85042 is a zip code in Maricopa County, Arizona, which covers Phoenix, with a total population of 45,315 people.
The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.
Median Household Income
According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2021, the median household income in 85042 is $71,722.00.
The chart below shows the average household income by age in 85042.
25 to 44$76,812.00
45 to 64$75,318.00
65 and over$63,214.00
Average Household Income
A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in the 85042 zip code?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.
The average (or mean) household income in 85042 is $90,710.00.
7.62% of households in the 85042 zip code are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).
The difference between a median and an average income
The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.
Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for 85042 but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.
Household Income Tiers for 85042
We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.
The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for the 85042 zip code easier to view.
You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.
Less than $24,99913.50%
$25,000 to $49,99920.95%
$50,000 to $74,99917.76%
$75,000 to $99,99915.79%
$100,000 to $149,99917.53%
$150,000 to $199,9996.85%
$200,000 or more7.62%
Per Capita Income
The per capita income is the average income of all people in the 85042 zip code. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in 85042 by the total number of people in 85042.
It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in 85042 and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).
The per capita income in the 85042 zip code is $30,525.00.
Population in 85042 by Race and Ethnicity
The total population in 85042 is currently 45,315 people.
The race and ethnicity of the population in 85042 can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.
Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.
The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in the 85042 zip code.
15.60% Black/African American7,087
0.90% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander390
2.00% Two or more races920
Population of 85042 by Age and Gender
Another very important demographics statistic for the 85042 zip code is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.
In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.
|0 to 9 Years||2,864||2,897|
|10 to 19 Years||3,635||3,349|
|20 to 29 Years||3,785||3,506|
|30 to 39 Years||3,406||2,960|
|40 to 49 Years||3,075||3,351|
|50 to 59 Years||2,571||2,915|
|60 to 69 Years||2,084||1,966|
|70 Years and over||1,231||1,720|
Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.
What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.
The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in the 85042 zip code.
Master's degree or higher12.77%
Some college or associate's degree10.97%
High school diploma or equivalent37.70%
Less than high school diploma5.95%
The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for 85042 because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.
Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in 85042 look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.
The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in the 85042 zip code that are over the age of 16.
The current population in 85042 that are over the age of 16 is 35,017 people.
The unemployment rate in 85042 is 6.00%, which means 10,892 people are unemployed.
Median Age in 85042
The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in the 85042 zip code. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.
For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.
An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.
The median age in 85042 is 33.3 years old.
We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:
Median age by gender in 85042
Households and Families
There are a total of 14,847 households in 85042, and the average household size is 3.02 people.
For families, the total number is 10,664, and the average family size is 3.48 people.
10.10% of those families in the 85042 zip code are living below the poverty line.
The table below shows the poverty thresholds for 85042 in 2022.
|Household Size||Poverty Threshold|
Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2021.
Households and Families by Marital Status
There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:
- Male householder, no spouse present
- Female householder, no spouse present
- Nonfamily household
In the table below, you can see the total households and families in the 85042 zip code for each type, as well as the average sizes.
|Average Household Size||3.5||3.71||3.94||1.43|
|Average Household Size||3.43||3.15||3.72||0|
Housing Data in 85042
There are total of 15,570 housing units in the 85042 zip code. Of those units, 14,847 (95.36%) are occupied, and 723 (4.64%) are vacant.
Of the 15,570 housing units in 85042, 5,421 (34.82%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $1,228.00.
Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 58.73% of housing units, with 9,144 housing units in total.
The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in the 85042 zip code.
No rent paid282
Less than $500281
$500 to $9991,389
$1,000 to $1,4992,437
$1,500 to $1,9991,167
$2,000 to $2,49965
$2,500 to $2,9990
$3,000 or more82
The median value of a property in 85042 is $239,900.00.
The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in 85042.
Less than $50,000411
$50,000 to $99,999520
$100,000 to $149,999865
$150,000 to $199,9991,370
$200,000 to $299,9993,026
$300,000 to $499,9992,306
$500,000 to $999,999524
$1,000,000 or more122
We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in the 85042 zip code.
1939 or earlier306
1940 to 1949232
1950 to 1959669
1960 to 19691,293
1970 to 19793,045
1980 to 19893,088
1990 to 19992,075
2000 to 20093,592
2010 to 20131,201
2014 or later69
Vehicles Available per Household
Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in 85042 has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.
No vehicles available829
1 vehicle available4,140
2 vehicles available6,303
3 or more vehicles available3,575
Commuting to Work in 85042
The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.
Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?
Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of the 85042 zip code, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.
The average travel time is 24.7 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of 85042.
Less than 5 minutes271
5 to 9 minutes994
10 to 14 minutes2,424
15 to 19 minutes3,253
20 to 24 minutes4,931
25 to 29 minutes1,503
30 to 34 minutes3,267
35 to 39 minutes844
40 to 44 minutes722
45 to 59 minutes1,118
60 to 89 minutes236
90 or more minutes356
We can also look at the means of transport in 85042 to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.
Worked from home2,511
Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in the 85042 zip code.
If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for 85042.