Puerto Rico Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Puerto Rico? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Puerto Rico, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Puerto Rico

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Puerto Rico based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 969 Bayamón Municipio, Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio $81,959.00
2 968 Guaynabo Municipio $80,568.00
3 966 Bayamón Municipio, Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio $80,487.00
4 907 San Juan Municipio $79,281.00
5 901 San Juan Municipio $75,880.00
6 911 San Juan Municipio $65,411.00
7 927 San Juan Municipio $64,161.00
8 926 Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio, Trujillo Alto Municipio $59,520.00
9 979 Carolina Municipio $58,336.00
10 778 Gurabo Municipio, San Lorenzo Municipio $57,548.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Puerto Rico.

Richest Cities in Puerto Rico

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Puerto Rico. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Puerto Rico by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Hacienda San Jose Caguas Municipio $166,927.00
2 Palmas del Mar Humacao Municipio $152,627.00
3 Los Prados Caguas Municipio $93,099.00
4 Guaynabo Guaynabo Municipio $71,817.00
5 La Liga Caguas Municipio $67,844.00
6 Canóvanas Canóvanas Municipio $65,661.00
7 Breñas Vega Alta Municipio $63,437.00
8 Dorado Dorado Municipio $57,954.00
9 Trujillo Alto Trujillo Alto Municipio $47,905.00
10 San Juan San Juan Municipio $46,351.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Puerto Rico.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Puerto Rico is $21,058.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Puerto Rico.

  • Under 25
    $7,826.00
  • 25 to 44
    $24,445.00
  • 45 to 64
    $26,052.00
  • 65 and over
    $18,687.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Puerto Rico?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Puerto Rico is $33,315.00.

1.13% of households in Puerto Rico are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Puerto Rico but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Puerto Rico

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Puerto Rico easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    54.71%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    24.69%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    10.67%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    4.60%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    3.23%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    0.97%
  • $200,000 or more
    1.13%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Puerto Rico. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Puerto Rico by the total number of people in Puerto Rico.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Puerto Rico and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Puerto Rico is $13,318.00.

Population in Puerto Rico by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Puerto Rico is currently 3,255,642 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Puerto Rico can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Puerto Rico.

  • 0.90% White
    28,414
  • 0.10% Black/African American
    3,698
  • 0.00% Native
    124
  • 98.80% Hispanic
    3,270,361
  • 0.10% Asian
    2,316
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    0
  • 0.10% Two or more races
    2,561
  • 0.10% Other
    3,800

Population of Puerto Rico by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Puerto Rico is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 143,724 137,955
10 to 19 Years 206,062 197,388
20 to 29 Years 226,694 224,347
30 to 39 Years 185,185 203,128
40 to 49 Years 199,842 221,112
50 to 59 Years 204,690 236,670
60 to 69 Years 190,638 226,673
70 Years and over 215,026 292,140

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Puerto Rico.

  • Master's degree or higher
    10.20%
  • Bachelor's degree
    36.97%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    2.65%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    48.65%
  • Less than high school diploma
    1.53%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Puerto Rico because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Puerto Rico look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16 is 2,797,936 people.

The unemployment rate in Puerto Rico is 55.70%, which means 1,559,057 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Puerto Rico

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Puerto Rico. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Puerto Rico is 43.1 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Puerto Rico

43.1

Total

41.2

Male

44.8

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 1,196,790 households in Puerto Rico, and the average household size is 2.74 people.

For families, the total number is 789,758, and the average family size is 3.44 people.

39.20% of those families in Puerto Rico are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Puerto Rico in 2022.

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $13,590.00
2 People $18,310.00
3 People $23,030.00
4 People $27,750.00
5 People $32,470.00
6 People $37,190.00
7 People $41,910.00
8 People $46,630.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Puerto Rico for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 437,919 79,606 272,233 407,032
Average Household Size 3.37 3.95 3.72 1.17
Total Families 437,919 79,606 272,233 0
Average Household Size 3.35 3.49 3.56 0

Housing Data in Puerto Rico

There are total of 1,553,791 housing units in Puerto Rico. Of those units, 1,196,790 (77.02%) are occupied, and 357,001 (22.98%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 1,553,791 housing units in Puerto Rico, 233,901 (15.05%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $505.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 52.40% of housing units, with 814,154 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Puerto Rico.

  • No rent paid
    148,735
  • Less than $500
    115,224
  • $500 to $999
    98,514
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    14,836
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    3,075
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    1,095
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    469
  • $3,000 or more
    688

Property Values

The median value of a property in Puerto Rico is $111,800.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Puerto Rico.

  • Less than $50,000
    68,977
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    271,601
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    239,976
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    123,411
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    69,795
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    27,089
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    9,424
  • $1,000,000 or more
    3,881

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Puerto Rico.

  • 1939 or earlier
    30,210
  • 1940 to 1949
    54,393
  • 1950 to 1959
    135,188
  • 1960 to 1969
    272,090
  • 1970 to 1979
    354,943
  • 1980 to 1989
    259,425
  • 1990 to 1999
    235,211
  • 2000 to 2009
    189,019
  • 2010 to 2013
    23,070
  • 2014 or later
    242

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Puerto Rico has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    175,572
  • 1 vehicle available
    498,325
  • 2 vehicles available
    358,079
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    164,814

Commuting to Work in Puerto Rico

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Puerto Rico, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 28.6 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Puerto Rico.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    19,870
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    63,019
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    117,902
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    150,252
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    151,070
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    53,630
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    157,743
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    25,527
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    49,276
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    79,867
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    84,329
  • 90 or more minutes
    32,743

We can also look at the means of transport in Puerto Rico to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    854,276
  • Carpooled
    74,052
  • Public transportation
    13,698
  • Walked
    25,891
  • Other means
    17,311
  • Worked from home
    42,947

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Puerto Rico.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Puerto Rico.