Puerto Rico Population and Demographics
Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Puerto Rico? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!
In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Puerto Rico, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.
The data on this page is from the 2021 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.
Richest Zip Codes in Puerto Rico
In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Puerto Rico based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.
If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.
|Rank||ZIP Code||County||Mean Income|
|1||969||Bayamón Municipio, Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio||$81,959.00|
|3||966||Bayamón Municipio, Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio||$80,487.00|
|4||907||San Juan Municipio||$79,281.00|
|5||901||San Juan Municipio||$75,880.00|
|6||911||San Juan Municipio||$65,411.00|
|7||927||San Juan Municipio||$64,161.00|
|8||926||Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio, Trujillo Alto Municipio||$59,520.00|
|10||778||Gurabo Municipio, San Lorenzo Municipio||$57,548.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Puerto Rico.
Richest Cities in Puerto Rico
We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Puerto Rico. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Puerto Rico by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.
|1||Hacienda San Jose||Caguas Municipio||$166,927.00|
|2||Palmas del Mar||Humacao Municipio||$152,627.00|
|3||Los Prados||Caguas Municipio||$93,099.00|
|5||La Liga||Caguas Municipio||$67,844.00|
|7||Breñas||Vega Alta Municipio||$63,437.00|
|9||Trujillo Alto||Trujillo Alto Municipio||$47,905.00|
|10||San Juan||San Juan Municipio||$46,351.00|
To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Puerto Rico.
Median Household Income
According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2020, the median household income in Puerto Rico is $21,058.00.
The chart below shows the average household income by age in Puerto Rico.
25 to 44$24,445.00
45 to 64$26,052.00
65 and over$18,687.00
Average Household Income
A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Puerto Rico?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.
The average (or mean) household income in Puerto Rico is $33,315.00.
1.13% of households in Puerto Rico are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).
The difference between a median and an average income
The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.
Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Puerto Rico but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.
Household Income Tiers for Puerto Rico
We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.
The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Puerto Rico easier to view.
You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.
Less than $24,99954.71%
$25,000 to $49,99924.69%
$50,000 to $74,99910.67%
$75,000 to $99,9994.60%
$100,000 to $149,9993.23%
$150,000 to $199,9990.97%
$200,000 or more1.13%
Per Capita Income
The per capita income is the average income of all people in Puerto Rico. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Puerto Rico by the total number of people in Puerto Rico.
It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Puerto Rico and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).
The per capita income in Puerto Rico is $13,318.00.
Population in Puerto Rico by Race and Ethnicity
The total population in Puerto Rico is currently 3,255,642 people.
The race and ethnicity of the population in Puerto Rico can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.
Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.
The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Puerto Rico.
0.10% Black/African American3,698
0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander0
0.10% Two or more races2,561
Population of Puerto Rico by Age and Gender
Another very important demographics statistic for Puerto Rico is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.
In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.
|0 to 9 Years||143,724||137,955|
|10 to 19 Years||206,062||197,388|
|20 to 29 Years||226,694||224,347|
|30 to 39 Years||185,185||203,128|
|40 to 49 Years||199,842||221,112|
|50 to 59 Years||204,690||236,670|
|60 to 69 Years||190,638||226,673|
|70 Years and over||215,026||292,140|
Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.
What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.
The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Puerto Rico.
Master's degree or higher10.20%
Some college or associate's degree2.65%
High school diploma or equivalent48.65%
Less than high school diploma1.53%
The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Puerto Rico because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.
Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Puerto Rico look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.
The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16.
The current population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16 is 2,797,936 people.
The unemployment rate in Puerto Rico is 55.70%, which means 1,559,057 people are unemployed.
Median Age in Puerto Rico
The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Puerto Rico. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.
For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.
An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.
The median age in Puerto Rico is 43.1 years old.
We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:
Median age by gender in Puerto Rico
Households and Families
There are a total of 1,196,790 households in Puerto Rico, and the average household size is 2.74 people.
For families, the total number is 789,758, and the average family size is 3.44 people.
39.20% of those families in Puerto Rico are living below the poverty line.
The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Puerto Rico in 2022.
|Household Size||Poverty Threshold|
Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from 2022, while the latest demographics data we have is from 2020.
Households and Families by Marital Status
There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:
- Male householder, no spouse present
- Female householder, no spouse present
- Nonfamily household
In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Puerto Rico for each type, as well as the average sizes.
|Average Household Size||3.37||3.95||3.72||1.17|
|Average Household Size||3.35||3.49||3.56||0|
Housing Data in Puerto Rico
There are total of 1,553,791 housing units in Puerto Rico. Of those units, 1,196,790 (77.02%) are occupied, and 357,001 (22.98%) are vacant.
Of the 1,553,791 housing units in Puerto Rico, 233,901 (15.05%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $505.00.
Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 52.40% of housing units, with 814,154 housing units in total.
The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Puerto Rico.
No rent paid148,735
Less than $500115,224
$500 to $99998,514
$1,000 to $1,49914,836
$1,500 to $1,9993,075
$2,000 to $2,4991,095
$2,500 to $2,999469
$3,000 or more688
The median value of a property in Puerto Rico is $111,800.00.
The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Puerto Rico.
Less than $50,00068,977
$50,000 to $99,999271,601
$100,000 to $149,999239,976
$150,000 to $199,999123,411
$200,000 to $299,99969,795
$300,000 to $499,99927,089
$500,000 to $999,9999,424
$1,000,000 or more3,881
We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Puerto Rico.
1939 or earlier30,210
1940 to 194954,393
1950 to 1959135,188
1960 to 1969272,090
1970 to 1979354,943
1980 to 1989259,425
1990 to 1999235,211
2000 to 2009189,019
2010 to 201323,070
2014 or later242
Vehicles Available per Household
Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Puerto Rico has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.
No vehicles available175,572
1 vehicle available498,325
2 vehicles available358,079
3 or more vehicles available164,814
Commuting to Work in Puerto Rico
The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.
Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?
Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Puerto Rico, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.
The average travel time is 28.6 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Puerto Rico.
Less than 5 minutes19,870
5 to 9 minutes63,019
10 to 14 minutes117,902
15 to 19 minutes150,252
20 to 24 minutes151,070
25 to 29 minutes53,630
30 to 34 minutes157,743
35 to 39 minutes25,527
40 to 44 minutes49,276
45 to 59 minutes79,867
60 to 89 minutes84,329
90 or more minutes32,743
We can also look at the means of transport in Puerto Rico to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.
Worked from home42,947
Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Puerto Rico.
If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Puerto Rico.