Puerto Rico Population and Demographics

Are you tired of spending 10+ hours searching for demographic and population data for Puerto Rico? We have all of the data you need by state, county, city, and zip code that will save you many hours of research!

In this article, we'll explore most of the 190+ data points we have for Puerto Rico, covering popular demographics statistics like household income, race, age and gender, educational attainment, poverty, housing, and transportation.

The data on this page is from the 2022 American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year survey from the US Census Bureau.

Richest Zip Codes in Puerto Rico

In the table below, we've ranked the richest zip codes in Puerto Rico based on the average (or mean) household income. To do this, we only look at zip codes that have a population of at least 500 people and a reasonable margin of error for the data.

If the margin of error for the mean income is greater than 50% of the estimate, we don't use it. This is to try and make the data less likely to be skewed by outliers with very small population areas or estimates that are not very accurate.

Rank ZIP Code County Mean Income
1 00907 San Juan Municipio $89,703.00
2 00968 Guaynabo Municipio $89,447.00
3 00966 Bayamón Municipio, Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio $87,665.00
4 00969 Bayamón Municipio, Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio $86,027.00
5 00911 San Juan Municipio $83,261.00
6 00901 San Juan Municipio $78,916.00
7 00927 San Juan Municipio $68,617.00
8 00778 Gurabo Municipio, San Lorenzo Municipio $65,490.00
9 00918 San Juan Municipio $63,655.00
10 00926 Guaynabo Municipio, San Juan Municipio, Trujillo Alto Municipio $61,833.00

To view details demographics data for a specific zip code, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest zip codes in Puerto Rico.

Richest Cities in Puerto Rico

We can also find the same information for the richest cities in Puerto Rico. The table below ranks the top 10 cities in Puerto Rico by average household income by using the same criteria as we did with the zip codes.

Rank City County Mean Income
1 Hacienda San Jose Caguas Municipio $171,882.00
2 Los Prados Caguas Municipio $130,759.00
3 Palmas del Mar Humacao Municipio $122,257.00
4 Guaynabo Guaynabo Municipio $79,073.00
5 Dorado Dorado Municipio $72,298.00
6 Breñas Vega Alta Municipio $71,513.00
7 Canóvanas Canóvanas Municipio $65,429.00
8 La Liga Caguas Municipio $65,195.00
9 Trujillo Alto Trujillo Alto Municipio $50,746.00
10 San Juan San Juan Municipio $50,374.00

To view details demographics data for a specific city, click on the link in the table above. You can also read our article here on the richest cities in Puerto Rico.

Median Household Income

According to the latest ACS 5-year survey in 2022, the median household income in Puerto Rico is $24,002.00.

The chart below shows the average household income by age in Puerto Rico.

  • Under 25
    $9,603.00
  • 25 to 44
    $26,863.00
  • 45 to 64
    $28,626.00
  • 65 and over
    $20,099.00

Average Household Income

A very commonly asked question is "what is the average household income in Puerto Rico?". The official term for the average household income is the mean household income. The mean household income is the total income of all households divided by the number of households.

The average (or mean) household income in Puerto Rico is $38,227.00.

1.43% of households in Puerto Rico are classed as high income households (making $200,000+ per year).

The difference between a median and an average income

The difference between a median and mean household income is that the median income is the middle point of the set of numbers whereas the mean income is an average of all numbers.

Both metrics are important when looking at the income statistics for Puerto Rico but because the median value doesn't depend on other numbers in the dataset, it doesn't change as much when some of the values are extremely low or extremely high.

Household Income Tiers for Puerto Rico

We can also look at the household income tiers. This lets you see how many households fall into each of the earnings brackets and what percentage that bracket is of the total number of households.

The chart below shows the household income brackets to see which age groups have the highest median income. The actual data is more granular than these brackets, but we've simplified them into bigger categories to make reviewing the data for Puerto Rico easier to view.

You can purchase the raw data above, which will have the full income tiers with smaller jumps in household income.

  • Less than $24,999
    51.53%
  • $25,000 to $49,999
    25.32%
  • $50,000 to $74,999
    11.34%
  • $75,000 to $99,999
    5.27%
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    3.87%
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    1.25%
  • $200,000 or more
    1.43%

Per Capita Income

The per capita income is the average income of all people in Puerto Rico. This is calculated by dividing the total income of all people in Puerto Rico by the total number of people in Puerto Rico.

It differs from the average or mean household income because it includes all people in Puerto Rico and not just the people who earn an income (i.e. children, retirees, unemployed, etc.).

The per capita income in Puerto Rico is $15,637.00.

Population in Puerto Rico by Race and Ethnicity

The total population in Puerto Rico is currently 3,272,382 people.

The race and ethnicity of the population in Puerto Rico can be very important for social research, economics, and marketing to a multi-culturial society.

Whether you want to target products or services to a particular race or ethnicity, or provide housing and new businesses to improve areas with a larger ethnic minority population, this data is very valuable for discovering suitable areas.

The chart below breaks down the population and percentage for each race and ethnicity in Puerto Rico.

  • 2.70% White
    87,558
  • 1.30% Black/African American
    41,055
  • 0.80% Native
    27,190
  • 44.20% Hispanic
    1,447,932
  • 0.10% Asian
    4,043
  • 0.00% Hawaiian/Pacific Islander
    112
  • 0.00% Two or more races
    0
  • 0.10% Other
    2,526

Population of Puerto Rico by Age and Gender

Another very important demographics statistic for Puerto Rico is the age and gender of the population. The age and gender of the population can be used to track trends in population growth or decline, and for businesses, the data can be used to identify people important to you and your business need.

In the table below, we show age groups at a 10 year granularity for ease of use. The raw data, which can be purchased above, includes age and gender at a 5 year granularity.

Age Group Male Female
0 to 9 Years 135,239 128,866
10 to 19 Years 196,900 189,611
20 to 29 Years 223,813 219,898
30 to 39 Years 184,874 200,187
40 to 49 Years 195,405 217,671
50 to 59 Years 201,713 233,698
60 to 69 Years 192,148 227,103
70 Years and over 221,576 303,680

Education Levels

Educational attainment is a very useful statistic that can give insights into other data such as the average household income, unemployment levels, and literacy.

What this means is that it is likely for areas that have higher levels of education to have higher average household incomes, lower unemployment rates, and higher literacy rates.

The chart below shows the educational attainment of the population in Puerto Rico.

  • Master's degree or higher
    10.45%
  • Bachelor's degree
    37.43%
  • Some college or associate's degree
    2.66%
  • High school diploma or equivalent
    47.96%
  • Less than high school diploma
    1.49%

Unemployment Rates

The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that is actively looking for work but is unable to find a job. The unemployment rate is a very important statistic for Puerto Rico because it can show how many people are actively looking for work and how many people are unable to find a job.

Lower levels of unemployment is generally seen as a positive sign for the economy. It also makes the government in Puerto Rico look good because it shows that they are doing a good job of creating jobs, working to capacity, being efficient, and keeping the economy strong.

The unemployment rate is calculated using the total population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16.

The current population in Puerto Rico that are over the age of 16 is 2,785,909 people.

The unemployment rate in Puerto Rico is 13.30%, which means 165,697 people are unemployed.

Median Age in Puerto Rico

The median age is an interesting metric because it gives us an idea of the age distribution of people in Puerto Rico. You know when you see a median age that it is the age where half of the population is older and half is younger than it.

For demographic studies, this can be used to infer and compare date to things such as birth rates, the age of parents, and so on.

An increasing median age can be a sign of an aging population, which can be a sign of a declining population. This is because older people tend to have fewer children and die more often than younger people.

The median age in Puerto Rico is 43.7 years old.

We can also look at the median age by gender to compare the see how each group compares to the total median age:

Median age by gender in Puerto Rico

43.7

Total

41.8

Male

45.6

Female

Households and Families

There are a total of 1,219,658 households in Puerto Rico, and the average household size is 2.65 people.

For families, the total number is 795,953, and the average family size is 3.33 people.

38.80% of those families in Puerto Rico are living below the poverty line.

The table below shows the poverty thresholds for Puerto Rico in .

Household Size Poverty Threshold
1 Person $14,580.00
2 People $19,720.00
3 People $24,860.00
4 People $30,000.00
5 People $35,140.00
6 People $40,280.00
7 People $45,420.00
8 People $50,560.00

Please note that the poverty thresholds shown above are from , while the latest demographics data we have is from 2022.

Households and Families by Marital Status

There are four types of household and family, as defined by the Census Bureau:

  • Married-couple
  • Male householder, no spouse present
  • Female householder, no spouse present
  • Nonfamily household

In the table below, you can see the total households and families in Puerto Rico for each type, as well as the average sizes.

Married Male Female Nonfamily
Total Households 440,016 81,633 274,304 423,705
Average Household Size 3.3 3.79 3.58 1.17
Total Families 440,016 81,633 274,304 0
Average Household Size 3.28 3.32 3.41 0

Housing Data in Puerto Rico

There are total of 1,563,129 housing units in Puerto Rico. Of those units, 1,219,658 (78.03%) are occupied, and 343,471 (21.97%) are vacant.

Rental Rates

Of the 1,563,129 housing units in Puerto Rico, 245,725 (15.72%) are occupied by renters. The median rent paid by renters is $545.00.

Owner occupied housing units make up the remaining 53.09% of housing units, with 829,943 housing units in total.

The table below breaks down how much rent is paid by renters in Puerto Rico.

  • No rent paid
    143,990
  • Less than $500
    106,685
  • $500 to $999
    111,310
  • $1,000 to $1,499
    20,361
  • $1,500 to $1,999
    4,109
  • $2,000 to $2,499
    1,499
  • $2,500 to $2,999
    708
  • $3,000 or more
    1,053

Property Values

The median value of a property in Puerto Rico is $121,800.00.

The table below breaks down the range of valuations for all properties in Puerto Rico.

  • Less than $50,000
    61,027
  • $50,000 to $99,999
    226,562
  • $100,000 to $149,999
    253,146
  • $150,000 to $199,999
    148,038
  • $200,000 to $299,999
    90,346
  • $300,000 to $499,999
    33,525
  • $500,000 to $999,999
    12,180
  • $1,000,000 or more
    5,119

Property Age

We can also look at the number of properties built in a given year to see the spread of property age in Puerto Rico.

  • 1939 or earlier
    30,791
  • 1940 to 1949
    57,705
  • 1950 to 1959
    132,817
  • 1960 to 1969
    273,401
  • 1970 to 1979
    349,406
  • 1980 to 1989
    256,802
  • 1990 to 1999
    238,213
  • 2000 to 2009
    192,283
  • 2010 to 2013
    31,201
  • 2014 or later
    510

Vehicles Available per Household

Finally, we have data on how many vehicles each household in Puerto Rico has. The table below breaks down the number of vehicles available per household.

  • No vehicles available
    170,976
  • 1 vehicle available
    501,265
  • 2 vehicles available
    370,540
  • 3 or more vehicles available
    176,877

Commuting to Work in Puerto Rico

The time and means of commuting to work are useful metrics to look at because they can be correlated against other data such as income and education level.

Does a longer commuting time indicate a higher average income? If so, has the huge increase in home working during the pandemic changed this?

Using these metrics, we can get a better understanding of the demographics of Puerto Rico, how they commute, and how that correlates to other data points.

The average travel time is 28.6 minutes, and the chart below covers the range of travel times across the population of Puerto Rico.

  • Less than 5 minutes
    21,075
  • 5 to 9 minutes
    64,619
  • 10 to 14 minutes
    116,986
  • 15 to 19 minutes
    154,375
  • 20 to 24 minutes
    156,063
  • 25 to 29 minutes
    52,866
  • 30 to 34 minutes
    161,263
  • 35 to 39 minutes
    26,482
  • 40 to 44 minutes
    49,202
  • 45 to 59 minutes
    80,335
  • 60 to 89 minutes
    84,430
  • 90 or more minutes
    33,039

We can also look at the means of transport in Puerto Rico to see which modes of transport people are using to commute to work.

  • Drove alone
    872,857
  • Carpooled
    72,800
  • Public transportation
    11,501
  • Walked
    25,894
  • Other means
    17,683
  • Worked from home
    50,972

Conclusion

Hopefully this article has given you the demographics data you were looking for in Puerto Rico.

If you need more demographics data, or you need the data listed above in spreadsheet form with more granular grouping, head back to the top of this page where you can purchase the complete demographics data for Puerto Rico.

Link To or Reference This Page

We spent a lot of time downloading, cleaning, merging, and formatting the data that is shown on the site.

If you found the data or information on this page useful in your research, please use the tool below to properly cite or reference Name Census as the source. We appreciate your support!

  • "Puerto Rico Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com. Accessed on May 23, 2024. https://namecensus.com/demographics/puerto-rico/.

  • "Puerto Rico Population and Demographics". NameCensus.com, https://namecensus.com/demographics/puerto-rico/. Accessed 23 May, 2024

  • Puerto Rico Population and Demographics. NameCensus.com. Retrieved from https://namecensus.com/demographics/puerto-rico/.